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Sixth National Report

  published:29 Apr 2020

Section I. Information on the targets being pursued at the national level

Brazil

National Target 1: By 2020, at the latest, Brazilian people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.

The National Target 1 mirrors the Aichi Target 1 and intends to improve the population’s knowledge about the values of biodiversity and the measures the population can adopt to conserve and use biodiversity sustainably.

The National Target 1 reflects the important concern with people’s awareness and with how these people influence individual and collective decisions, from small consumer’s choices to the greater decisions about public investments and policies. It is believed that greater awareness about the values of biodiversity will lead to better decisions, both at the individual level and at the public policies level.

The target is divided in two components:

1.       Awareness of the values of biodiversity by the Brazilian population.

2.       Awareness of the measures the population can adopt to conserve biodiversity and to use it sustainably.

The National Target 1 counts with 102 actions in the NBSAP action plan, focusing mainly on environmental education; publication of reports; and workshops. To know more about all the actions, see Section II and Annex I - Monitoring the NBSAP Action Plan.xlsx



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Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
1. Awareness of biodiversity values
Relevant documents and information

To know more about the National Targets development process, go to Section VII, Additional Information.

ES

National Target 2: By 2020, at the latest, biodiversity values, geo-diversity values, and socio-diversity values have been integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction and inequality reduction strategies, and are being incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate, and into planning procedures and reporting systems.

The National Target 2 mirrors the Aichi Target 2 and has the objective of integrating the values of biodiversity into development processes. The National Target 2 differs from Aichi Target 2 in that it incorporates the geo-diversity and socio-diversity components and promotes de reduction of inequalities. The National Target 2 strengthens the interdependence between development and biodiversity, increasing the value of biodiversity for the poorest segments of society and for governments, increasing the potential of their contribution and increasing perception of these values, as discussed in Target 1.

The target is divided in two components:

1.       Integration of biodiversity values, geo-diversity values, and socio-diversity values into national and local development and poverty reduction and inequality reduction strategies.

2.       Incorporation of biodiversity values, geo-diversity values, and socio-diversity values into national accounting, as appropriate, and into planning procedures and reporting systems.

The National Target 2 counts with 63 actions in the NBSAP action plan, focusing mainly on territorial management; methods for prioritizing areas; and national accounting and poverty eradication.

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Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
2. Integration of biodiversity values
Relevant documents and information

To know more about the National Targets development process, go to Section VII, Additional Information.

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National Target 3: By 2020, at the latest, incentives harmful to biodiversity, including the so-called perverse subsidies, are eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to minimize negative impacts. Positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied, consistent and in harmony with the CBD, taking into account national and regional socio economic conditions.

National Target 3 mirrors Aichi Target 3 and has the objective of eliminating harmful incentives and implement positive incentives for biodiversity. The National Target 3 addresses fiscal and credit incentives, and subsidies that may be harmful or positive to biodiversity. The target intends to encourage the employment of positive incentives, implicitly including fiscal incentives (tax deductions), credit, subsidies and payments for ecosystem services, to promote the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.

The target is divided in two components:

1.       Incentives that may harmfully affect biodiversity, including the so-called perverse subsidies, are eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to minimize negative impacts.

2.       Positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied, consistent and in harmony with the CBD, taking into account national and regional economic conditions.

Target 3 counts with 43 actions in the NBSAP action plan, focusing mainly on land tenure regularization; Integration between environmental aspects and private sector; Environmental Reserve Certificates (CRA – Cotas de Reserva Ambiental); Ecological ICMS; Environmental Regularization Programs (PRA – Programas de Regularização Ambiental); and Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES).

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Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
3. Incentives
Relevant documents and information

To know more about the National Targets development process, go to Section VII, Additional Information.

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National Target 4: By 2020, at the latest, governments, private sector and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption to mitigate or prevent negative impacts from the use of natural resources.

The National Target 4 mirrors the Aichi Target 4 and has the objective of promoting sustainable production and consumption. This target has two objectives: the adoption of the strategy (sustainable production and consumption plans) and the achievement of the desired outcomes (reduce the impacts from the use of natural resources). The achievement of the desired outcomes is broadly defined and can be interpreted as the use of natural resources within safe ecological thresholds.

The target comprises one component:

1.       Governments, private sector and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption to mitigate or prevent negative impacts from the use of natural resources.

The National Target 4 counts with 45 actions in the NBSAP action plan, mainly focused on the management of concession contracts; quality seals; and waste management and ecosystem services.

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Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
4. Use of natural resources
Relevant documents and information

To know more about the National Targets development process, go to Section VII, Additional Information.

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National Target 5: By 2020, the rate of loss of native habitats is reduced by at least 50% (in comparison with the 2009 rate) and, as much as possible, brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced in all biomes.

The National Target 5 mirrors the Aichi Target 5 and has the objective to reduce the loss of native habitats and promote monitoring action and deforestation control. The conversion of native habitats into alternative land use is the main cause of biodiversity loss in Brazil and has traditionally represented a means to appropriate land. The National Target 5 establishes parameters for reducing the conversion of habitats at the Brazilian biomes.

The target comprises six components:

1.       Reduction of the rate of loss of native habitats by at least 50% (in comparison with the 2009 rate) in the Amazon.

2.       Reduction of the rate of loss of native habitats by at least 50% (in comparison with the 2009 rate) in the Cerrado.

3.       Reduction of the rate of loss of native habitats by at least 50% (in comparison with the 2009 rate) in the Atlantic Forest, Caatinga, Pantanal and Pampas.

4.       Significant reduction of degradation and fragmentation in the Amazon.

5.       Significant reduction of degradation and fragmentation in the other biomes.

6.       Bringing the rate of habitat loss as close to zero as possible.

The National Target 5 counts with 46 actions in the NBSAP action plan, focusing mainly on monitoring programs; reduction of fragmentation; and field actions to validate data.

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Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
5. Loss of habitats
Relevant documents and information

To know more about the National Targets development process, go to Section VII, Additional Information.

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National Target 6: By 2020 all stocks of any aquatic organism are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches, so that overharvesting is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems, and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits, when scientifically established.

The National Target 6 mirrors the Aichi Target 6 and has the objective of promoting sustainable fisheries. The National Target has a broader scope than the Aichi Target by addressing all aquatic organisms, rather than the Aichi Target’s specific reference to “fish, invertebrates and aquatic plants”. Furthermore, the National Target requests scientific studies to establish the safe limits for the sustainable use of fisheries resources, which is not mentioned by the Aichi Target. The target reflects a desired outcome (sustainable management and capture of fish, and of aquatic invertebrates and plants) and the strategy to achieve sustainability in the fisheries sector (promotion of legal practices, application of ecosystem approaches, development of measures for the recuperation of overharvested species, and establishment of safe ecological limits for sustainable use).

The target contains four components:

1.       The management and capture of all stocks of aquatic organisms are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem-based approaches, so that overharvesting is avoided.

2.       Recovery plans and measures are in place for depleted species.

3.       Fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems.

4.       The impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits, when scientifically established.

The National Target 6 counts with 30 actions in the NBSAP action plan, focusing mainly on participatory management; and evaluation of the status of threatened species.



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Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
6. Sustainable fisheries
Relevant documents and information

To know more about the National Targets development process, go to Section VII, Additional Information.

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National Target 7: By 2020 the incorporation of sustainable management practices is disseminated and promoted in agriculture, livestock production, aquaculture, silviculture, extractive activities, and forest and fauna management, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.

The National Target 7 mirrors Aichi Target 7 and has the objective to promote sustainable development in agriculture, livestock production, aquaculture, silviculture, and extractive activities. The National Target lists the public sectors that are present in the text of the Aichi Target and includes other sectors that are important to the Brazilian economy, and that are not explicitly included in the Aichi Target, such as livestock, extractive activities, forest and fauna management.

The National Target 7 addresses the sustainability of areas converted by productive sectors. The target proposes the maintenance and increase of the production potential of areas through measures that prevent adverse environmental impacts on the landscape, reduce pollution by agricultural chemicals and fertilizers, and promote management practices that are aligned with the conservation of biodiversity.

The target contains four components:

1.       Sustainable management practices are disseminated and promoted for incorporation in agriculture and livestock production, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.

2.       Sustainable management practices are disseminated and promoted for incorporation in aquaculture, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.

3.       Sustainable management practices are disseminated and promoted for incorporation in silviculture, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.

4.       Sustainable management practices are disseminated and promoted for incorporation in extractive activities, and forest and fauna management, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.

The National Target 7 counts with 98 actions in the NBSAP action plan, with the main focus on territorial management and good management practices; and introduction of native species in reforestation activities.

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Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
7. Areas under sustainable management
Relevant documents and information

To know more about the National Targets development process, go to Section VII, Additional Information.

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National Target 8: By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity.

The National Target 8 mirrors the Aichi Target 8 and has the objective of achieving pollution control, including from excess nutrients, reaching levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity. The National Target 8 addresses pollution in water, soil and air. The target proposes improving monitoring and control of pollution levels and the adequate waste disposal. The target highlights pollution from excess nutrients, which is a common type of pollution in water bodies, originating from the inadequate discharge of domestic wastewaters and from runoff of fertilizers applied by the agriculture sector. The objectives of this target are particularly important for the conservation of aquatic ecosystems and of the rich natural heritage that water resources represent to Brazil. Brazil possesses 12% of all freshwater available in the planet, which places at the   global scale the positive impacts resulting from the control of pollution levels in water bodies. Furthermore, the target intends to promote initiatives for selective waste collection, recycling and adequate waste disposal.

The target contains one component:

1.       Reduction of pollution, including from excess nutrients, to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity.

The National Target 8 counts with 31 actions in the NBSAP action plan, focusing mainly on the monitoring of water and soil quality; and selective waste collection programs.

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Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
8. Pollution
Relevant documents and information

To know more about the National Targets development process, go to Section VII, Additional Information.

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National Target 9: By 2020, the National Strategy on Invasive Alien Species is fully implemented, with the participation and commitment of states and the elaboration of a National Policy, ensuring the continuous and updated diagnosis of species and the effectiveness of Action Plans for Prevention, Contention and Control.

The National Target 9 mirrors the Aichi Target 9 and has the objective of achieving the control of invasive alien species. The National Target 9 implicitly incorporates the same objectives of the Aichi Target 9, but integrates these objectives with the Brazilian policy to combat invasive alien species. The National Target 9 specifies legal instruments for fulfilling the target’s objectives and names the National Strategy on Invasive Alien Species, the National Policy on Invasive Alien Species and the Action Plans for Prevention, Contention and Control as instruments to be implemented by the Federal Government with the participation and commitment of State Governments.

The target contains two components:

1.       Implement the National Strategy on Invasive Alien Species with the participation and commitment of states and the elaboration of a National Policy by 2020.

2.       Ensure the continuous and updated diagnosis of species and the effectiveness of Action Plans for Prevention, Contention and Control.

The National Target 9 counts with 44 actions in the NBSAP action plan, focusing mainly on mechanisms for monitoring invasive alien species; and on the National Strategy on Invasive Alien Species.

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Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
9. Invasive Alien Species
Relevant documents and information

To know more about the National Targets development process, go to Section VII, Additional Information.

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National Target 10: By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other marine and coastal ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.

The National Target 10 mirrors the Aichi Target 10 and has the objective of reducing pressure on coral reefs, and other marine and coastal ecosystems. Together with coral reefs, the mangroves stand out as an important target ecosystem. Differently from most of the National Targets, target 10 has 2015 as its deadline for achievement, which clearly indicates the concern about the conservation status of the marine ecosystems and the need for prompt implementation of actions. Many of the pressures referred by National Target 10 are also addressed under other targets that deal with pollution, unsustainable use of marine organisms and climate change. However, this target highlights the relevance of these impacts for marine and coastal ecosystems and proposes affirmative actions for their mitigation as a priority.

The target contains one component:

1.       By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other marine and coastal ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.

The National Target 10 counts with 13 actions in the NBSAP action plan, focusing mainly on research and monitoring actions for marine ecosystems; and increase marine and coastal protected areas.

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Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
10. Vulnerable ecosystems
Relevant documents and information

To know more about the National Targets development process, go to Section VII, Additional Information.

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National Target 11: By 2020, at least 30% of the Amazon, 17% of each of the other terrestrial biomes, and 10% of the marine and coastal areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through protected areas foreseen under the SNUC Law and other categories of officially protected areas such as Permanent Protection Areas, legal reserves, and indigenous lands with native vegetation, ensuring and respecting the demarcation, regularization, and effective and equitable management, so as to ensure ecological interconnection, integration and representation in broader landscapes and seascapes.

The National Target 11 mirrors the Aichi Target 11 and has the objective of expanding and implementing the National Protected Areas System. The National Target 11 incorporates the same objectives of the Aichi Target 11, but differs by integrating them to the elements of the National Protected Areas Policy. The National Target 11 incorporates the Law on the National Protected Areas System – SNUC and adds other possible protected areas for accounting target achievement, such as permanent protection areas – APP, legal reserves and indigenous lands with native vegetation. Additionally, the National Target establishes a differentiated target for the Amazon Biome at 30% cover.

As the Aichi Target, the National Target is comprised by a quantitative element (protected areas cover) and qualitative elements (effective and qualitative management, ecological representativeness, connectivity among areas and other spatial conservation measures, and integration of protected areas in broader landscapes and seascapes).

The target contains five components:

1.       Conservation of 30% of the Amazon through protected areas foreseen under the SNUC Law and other categories of officially protected areas such as Permanent Protection Areas, legal reserves, and indigenous lands with native vegetation.

2.       Conservation of 17% of each of the other terrestrial biomes through protected areas foreseen under the SNUC Law and other categories of officially protected areas such as Permanent Protection Areas, legal reserves, and indigenous lands with native vegetation.

3.       Conservation of 10% of the marine and coastal areas through protected areas foreseen under the SNUC Law and other categories of officially protected areas such as Permanent Protection Areas, legal reserves, and indigenous lands with native vegetation.

4.       Ensure and respect the demarcation, regularization, and effective and equitable management.

5.       Ensure ecological interconnection, integration and representation in broader landscapes and seascapes.

The National Target 11 counts with 118 actions in the NBSAP action plan, focusing mainly on the integration of protected areas recorded in the National Protected Areas Registry; preparation and implementation of management plans; evaluation of biodiversity protection effectiveness; support to studies and projects focusing on mosaics, fragmentation effects and Systematic Conservation Planning.

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Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
11. Protected areas
Relevant documents and information

To know more about the National Targets development process, go to Section VII, Additional Information.

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National Target 12: By 2020, the risk of extinction of threatened species has been significantly reduced, tending to zero, and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved.

The National Target 12 mirrors the Aichi Target 12 and has the objective of preventing the extinction of species. The National Target 12 proposes affirmative actions for the conservation of threatened species. The main causes of species extinction are habitat loss and fragmentation, introduction of alien species, and predatory exploitation of natural resources, which are factors also related to other targets.

The target contains two components:

1.       By 2020, the risk of extinction of threatened species has been significantly reduced, tending to zero.

2.       The conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved.

The National Target 12 counts with 48 actions in the NBSAP action plan, focusing mainly on the monitoring of threatened species; regional actions for the conservation of threatened species; updating the lists of threatened species.

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Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
12. Preventing extinctions
Relevant documents and information

To know more about the National Targets development process, go to Section VII, Additional Information.

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National Target 13: By 2020, the genetic diversity of microorganisms, cultivated plants, farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, including socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species, is maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing the loss of genetic diversity.

The National Target 13 mirrors the Aichi Target 13 and has the objective of promoting the conservation of agrobiodiversity species and wild relatives, including microorganisms, cultivated plants and farmed animals with focus on the preservation of genetic diversity. Target 13 addresses the relevant conservation of domesticated genetic resources and their wild relatives, which are important for the traditional livelihoods and for the genetic improvement of modern culture and commercial farming. The inclusion of microorganisms contrasts the National Target with the Aichi Target’s text.

The target contains two components:

1.       Maintenance of the genetic diversity of microorganisms, cultivated plants, farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, including socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species.

2.       Development and implementation of strategies for minimizing the loss of genetic diversity.

The National Target 13 counts with 46 actions in the NBSAP action plan, focusing mainly on the promotion of research on genetic diversity; and data systematization.

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Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
13. Agricultural biodiversity
Relevant documents and information

To know more about the National Targets development process, go to Section VII, Additional Information.

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National Target 14: By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, traditional peoples and communities, indigenous peoples and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable.

The National Target 14 mirrors the Aichi Target 14 and has the objective of promoting the restoration of ecosystems that provide essential services. The target incorporates the objectives of restoration of degraded areas related to the rulings of the Law on the Protection of Native Vegetation and of the National Plan for the Restoration of Native Vegetation – PLANAVEG.

The target contains two components:

1.       By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded.

2.       Taking into account the needs of women, traditional peoples and communities, indigenous peoples and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable.

The National Target 14 counts with 45 actions in the NBSAP action plan, focusing mainly on creating awareness on the value of biodiversity and ecosystem services; and restoration of degraded areas and conservation of priority areas.

ES
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
14. Essential ecosystem services