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Sixth National Report

  published:20 Feb 2020

Section I. Information on the targets being pursued at the national level

Hungary

1. Improve the conservation status of Natura 2000 areas, protected natural areas and areas protected by international conventions and provide adequate conservation management.

This national target contributes to achieving Aichi targets 5 and 15. 

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
5. Loss of habitats
15. Ecosystem resilience
Relevant documents and information

This target is included in Hungary’s National Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity (2015-2020), which was adopted by the Hungarian Parliament. 

EN

2. Improve the conservation status of species of EU interest and with the most unfavourable status and the most endangered protected species

This national target contributes to achieving Aichi target 12.


EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
12. Preventing extinctions
Relevant documents and information

This target is included in Hungary’s National Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity (2015-2020), which was adopted by the Hungarian Parliament. 

EN

3.Enhance the knowledge base serving the successful and effective conservation of species in need of protection and of EU interest together with habitat types of EU interest.

This national target contributes to achieving Aichi target 19. 

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
19. Biodiversity knowledge
Relevant documents and information

This target is included in Hungary’s National Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity (2015-2020), which was adopted by the Hungarian Parliament. 

EN

4. Improve recognition and public awareness of biological diversity, protected assets as well as protected natural areas and Natura 2000 sites by means of information dissemination and awareness-raising

This national target contributes to achieving Aichi target 1.

A key aspect of conserving biodiversity is to create a broad public acceptance for the issue. As a result, this National Target aims to raise public awareness of the importance of biodiversity and also aims to achieve that people recognise the values of biodiversity and understand that loss of these values will reduce their well-being. Educational institutions, national park directorates, public collections, botanic gardens and zoos as well as nature preservation NGOs have a major role in this task. 




EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
1. Awareness of biodiversity values
Relevant documents and information

This target is included in Hungary’s National Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity (2015-2020), which was adopted by the Hungarian Parliament. 

EN

6. Harmonized development of the elements of green infrastructure in order to maintain and enhance the operability of ecological systems and to promote the adaptation to the effects of climate change, including the improvement of the connections between areas with ecological and landscape ecological functions, as well as the reconstruction of potential landscape elements together with the restoration of degraded ecosystems

This national target contributes to achieving Aichi targets 11 and 15. 


EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
11. Protected areas
15. Ecosystem resilience
Relevant documents and information

This target is included in Hungary’s National Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity (2015-2020), which was adopted by the Hungarian Parliament. 

EN

7. Determine the value of ecosystems and their material and immaterial services that are indispensable for mankind and integrate this value into comprehensive and thematic natural resources management strategies of local- and state-level land use and land development decision-making.

This national target contributes to achieving Aichi target 14. 




EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
14. Essential ecosystem services
Relevant documents and information

This target is included in Hungary’s National Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity (2015-2020), which was adopted by the Hungarian Parliament.  

EN

8. Integrate the conservation and enhancement of biological and landscape diversity aspects into comprehensive and related sectoral policies, with the tools of green infrastructure and ecosystem services, with special focus on spatial planning

This national target contributes to achieving Aichi target 2.  


EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
2. Integration of biodiversity values
Relevant documents and information

This target is included in Hungary’s National Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity (2015-2020), which was adopted by the Hungarian Parliament. 

EN

10. Promoting diverse and mosaic agriculture that takes into account biodiversity, environmental and landscape conservation considerations and promotes the use of domestic and local biological resources, especially the diverse animal and plant genetic resources for food and agriculture

This national target contributes to achieving Aichi target 7.  


EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
7. Areas under sustainable management
Relevant documents and information

This target is included in Hungary’s National Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity (2015-2020), which was adopted by the Hungarian Parliament. 

EN

12. Conservation and improvement of biodiversity through increasing the extent of areas under near-natural forest management practices and effective enforcement of biodiversity considerations during comprehensive forest management planning

This national target contributes to achieving Aichi target 7. 




EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
7. Areas under sustainable management
Relevant documents and information

This target is included in Hungary’s National Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity (2015-2020), which was adopted by the Hungarian Parliament. 

EN

13. In the course of wildlife management, big game management does not endanger the renewal of biodiversity and while natural reproduction of small game stock recovers, endangered populations are restored.

This national target contributes to achieving Aichi target 7. 

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
7. Areas under sustainable management
Relevant documents and information

This target is included in Hungary’s National Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity (2015-2020), which was adopted by the Hungarian Parliament. 

EN

16. Control and prevent further spread of invasive alien species harmful to natural and near-natural ecosystems and prevent the introduction and establishment of potentially harmful invasive species

This national target contributes to achieving Aichi targets 9. 

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
9. Invasive Alien Species
Relevant documents and information

This target is included in Hungary’s National Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity (2015-2020), which was adopted by the Hungarian Parliament. 

EN

17. Apply the precautionary principle regarding the release of genetically modified organisms into the environment in order to eliminate harmful effects on biological diversity

This national target contributes to achieving Aichi target 7. 

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
7. Areas under sustainable management
Relevant documents and information

This target is included in Hungary’s National Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity (2015-2020), which was adopted by the Hungarian Parliament. 


EN

18. Conservation of animal and plant species endangered by trade

This national target contributes to achieving Aichi target 12.


EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
12. Preventing extinctions
Relevant documents and information

This target is included in Hungary’s National Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity (2015-2020), which was adopted by the Hungarian Parliament.

EN

19. Provide access to genetic resources and ensure the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their utilization thus promoting the early entry into force of the Nagoya Protocol

This national target contributes to achieving Aichi targets 16 and 18. 

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
16. Nagoya Protocol on ABS
18. Traditional knowledge
Relevant documents and information

This target is included in Hungary’s National Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity (2015-2020), which was adopted by the Hungarian Parliament. 

EN

20. Enhanced integration of biodiversity conservation in Hungary’s international engagements, such as when providing financial support to developing countries

This national target contributes to achieving Aichi targets 4 and 20. 




EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
4. Use of natural resources
20. Resource mobilization
Relevant documents and information

This target is included in Hungary’s National Strategy for the Conservation of Biodiversity (2015-2020), which was adopted by the Hungarian Parliament. 

EN

Section II. Implementation measures, their effectiveness, and associated obstacles and scientific and technical needs to achieve national targets

Improve protected areas and provide adequate conservation measures

As a result of alignment with EU legislation on protected areas, the total amount of territory under protection increased from 9.4% (national legislation) to 22.2% (national and EU legislation combined), slightly exceeding the EU average. Hungary was one of the first EU member states to have its Natura 2000 network of protected areas declared complete in 2011.

EN
1. Improve the conservation status of Natura 2000 areas, protected natural areas and areas protected by international conventions and provide adequate conservation management.
Measure taken has been effective

One of the best possible ways to conserve and improve biodiversity is if complete habitats are conserved and/or restored. The most effective way of habitat conservation is if they are protected by the force of law.

EN

Developing maintenance plans for Natura 2000 sites

The number of Natura 2000 sites having a maintenance plan has increased significantly. In 2013 altogether 38 areas had approved Natura 2000 maintenance plans covering about 616,000 hectares, while by the end of 2017, 325 Natura 2000 sites had approved maintenance plans covering almost 1.2 million hectares and by 2019 in total 348 maintenance plans covering more than 1.3 million hectares had been approved. 

EN
1. Improve the conservation status of Natura 2000 areas, protected natural areas and areas protected by international conventions and provide adequate conservation management.
Measure taken has been effective

Natura 2000 maintenance plans give a detailed description about the conditions of habitats and species, the threats they are being posed to and proposals for improving their status and enhancing their conservation.

EN

Improving the data base and monitoring of protected and Natura 2000 species and habitats

The coverage (representativeness) of the National Biodiversity Monitoring System have increased in the country because both the number of sampled species of European Community importance and the number of assessed sampling locations further increased.

EN
3.Enhance the knowledge base serving the successful and effective conservation of species in need of protection and of EU interest together with habitat types of EU interest.
1. Improve the conservation status of Natura 2000 areas, protected natural areas and areas protected by international conventions and provide adequate conservation management.
2. Improve the conservation status of species of EU interest and with the most unfavourable status and the most endangered protected species
Measure taken has been effective

Conducting a proper monitoring is essential to acquire important data for planning conservation plans of species and maintenance plans for habitats .Time-series data can also show changes in populations, ecological trends and can predict the need for intervention.

EN

Organising nature conservation thematic programmes, ecotours and eco-events

The number of registered users of the eco-tourism services of national park directorates (boat and canoe tours, open days, conservation camps, cave adventures, etc.) have increased by 11% in 2017 compared to 2014.

Every year around 10,000 people register to take part in the so-called “open-air school” programmes, which is an increase by 13% between 2013 and 2017. Moreover, national park directorates reach over 200,000 people through their environmental education activities annually.



EN
4. Improve recognition and public awareness of biological diversity, protected assets as well as protected natural areas and Natura 2000 sites by means of information dissemination and awareness-raising
Measure taken has been effective

Environmental education is crucial to raise the awareness of younger generations and make them curious and sensitive to biodiversity issues. Through thematic programmes and eco-tours not only children but also their parents can gain insight into the importance of nature conservation.

EN

Developing and promoting the green-nursery and eco-school qualifications

Every year around 10,000 people register to take part in the so-called “open-air school” programmes, which is an increase by 13% between 2013 and 2017. Moreover, national park directorates reach over 200,000 people through their environmental education activities annually. During the expansion of the Green Kindergarten and Eco-School programmes 19 open-air kindergarten programme provider have received the qualified service certification and as a result the number of providers has risen to 99. In 2015, the eco-school title was awarded to 925 schools, of which 334 received the title “permanent eco-schools”. In 2017, the eco-school title was awarded to 967 schools, of which 372 received the title permanent.

    EN
    4. Improve recognition and public awareness of biological diversity, protected assets as well as protected natural areas and Natura 2000 sites by means of information dissemination and awareness-raising
    Measure taken has been effective

    Environmental education is crucial to raise the awareness of younger generations and make them curious and sensitive to biodiversity issues. Dedicated institutions and their educational programmes facilitate to get insight into and better understand the importance of nature conservation.

    EN

    Providing ecological corridors and passages between natural and semi-natural habitats, enhancing the free movement of species

    In order to ensure movements between natural and semi-natural areas, the total length of power lines for electricity (in the flight path of birds) replaced by underground cables or retrofitted otherwise in a bird-friendly way increased from 900 km (in 2014) to 3566 km (in 2017).

    EN
    6. Harmonized development of the elements of green infrastructure in order to maintain and enhance the operability of ecological systems and to promote the adaptation to the effects of climate change, including the improvement of the connections between areas with ecological and landscape ecological functions, as well as the reconstruction of potential landscape elements together with the restoration of degraded ecosystems
    Measure taken has been effective

    To maintain the genetic diversity of species it is essential to provide them ecological corridors and pathways through which they can move and different populations can intermingle. Fostering the free movement of species is also important form a habitat aspect, since populations will not overuse them if they have access to other habitats as well.

    EN