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Sixth National Report

  published: 14 Feb 2020

Section I. Information on the targets being pursued at the national level

Guyana

Target 1 17% of terrestrial area for in-situ conservation in legal protection by 2020 effectively managed and financially sustainable.

Outlined in the Low Carbon Development Strategy (LCDS) was how Guyana intended to ensure that at least 10% of the country’s land area would be under some form of protection. Stated in the LCDS was Guyana’s policy objective of achieving the UNCBD target of having at least 17% of the country’s land and inland water under some form of protection by 2020 and a key milestone to this achievement was the passing in 2011 of the Protected Areas Act. For the first time, Guyana had in place a national legislative framework that allowed for the establishment, management and growth of an effective system of protected areas.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
At least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water areas are protected.
 
The rate of loss of forests is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero
Relevant documents and information

Target 2 Reducing biodiversity loss and showing recovery by 2020.

In the NDS 2001-2010 general environmental problems in Guyana were reported as being in two categories viz. resource degradation and resource contamination. Examples of resource degradation cited were overfishing leading to the depletion of stocks especially breeding stocks of commercial species; the deforestation of mangrove swamps, resulting in the loss of habitats for juveniles of important marine species and an increase in the danger of flooding in coastal areas; the over-harvesting of inland forests with a consequential loss of habitats and a reduction of species diversity; and soil erosion, with the attendant decrease in the water-holding capacity of watersheds, thus rendering the affected area susceptible to episodes of flooding and siltation. The most common examples of resource contamination were water pollution from mercury, cyanide and other chemical wastes; untreated human and animal wastes; and agricultural and industrial wastes. The greatest signs of environmental degradation were found to be in the bauxite and gold mining industries.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
Governments, business and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieve, or have implemented, plans for sustainable production and consumption
Ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded
Ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks have been enhanced through conservation and restoration
 
People are aware of the values of biodiversity
Positive incentives for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity developed and applied

Target 3 By 2020, Protected Areas Trust Fund established, have adequate resources, and fully functioning

Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
Protected areas are ecologically representative
Protected areas are effectively and equitably managed
 
Ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks have been enhanced through conservation and restoration

Target 4 By 2015, at least three (3) mined-out sites have been duly restored and managed.

Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
Ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks have been enhanced through conservation and restoration
At least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems are restored, contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation, and to combating desertification

Target 5 The Germplasm Facility (Gene Bank) is formalized by end of 2015 in accordance with FAO Germplasm Standards and 1st Report published in 2016.

Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
Ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded
Ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks have been enhanced through conservation and restoration

Target 6 By 2020 REDD+ framework established and functioning.

The decision to sustainably manage the forestry resources to derive benefits for the economy and create livelihood opportunities resulted in Guyana having one of the lowest rates of deforestation in the world. In doing so, the new economic opportunity created through avoided deforestation (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation plus REDD+) allowed Guyana to be one of the first countries to benefit from financial incentives. Part of Guyana's efforts to prove that payments for avoided deforestation could work was demonstrated under a Guyana-Norway partnership agreement.  In 2009, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed in which Norway committed to providing Guyana with result-based payments for forest climate services of up to US$250 million by 2015 in a co-operation agreement between the two countries in the fight against climate change, the protection of biodiversity and the enhancement of sustainable development.  The REDD+ framework was included in the NBSAP as one of the national targets.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
Areas under forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity

Target 7 By 2016, a National Conflict Resolution Strategy for REDD+ developed and functional.

Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
Areas under forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity

Target 8 By 2020, biodiversity concerns are integrated into hinterland ecotourism development plans and strategies.

The economic importance of ecotourism was first recognised in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) 2002 (Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers are documents required by the International Monetary Fund and World Bank before a country can be considered for debt relief within the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries initiative)where it was identified as an economic opportunity for Amerindians who were classified as "extreme poor" based a household income survey. The marketing of Guyana’s pristine forests, its fauna and waterfalls was seen as a stimulus to tourism and as expansion of economic opportunities for Amerindians to market their art and crafts, thereby creating employment opportunities. In the PRSP 2011-2015 eco-tourism was once again identified as having promise for employment and growth. To support the nature based tourism products and at the same time ensure sustainable use and conservation of the environment, the creation of a Protected Area Management system (PAMS) was proposed.  Recognition of the growing importance of ecotourism to the economy and more importantly to hinterland communities led to the inclusion of the target related to hinterland ecotourism when the NBSAP was revised.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
Areas under agriculture are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity
Areas under aquaculture are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity
 
Areas under forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity

Target 9 By 2016, a GEF supported project designed to mainstream biodiversity into mining.

Described as of immense ecological significance was the fouling of streams by colloidal clay suspensions produced by "de-sliming" of deposits in preparation for final recovery of the gold. The more obvious effects of this fouling were the prevention of the growth of aquatic plants as a result of light exclusion, leading to the "death" of streams; the fouling of fish gills causing death by asphyxiation; the smothering of the eggs of aquatic animals, further depopulating streams; and the displacement of human communities due to the loss of domestic water supplies from streams, and of fish and wildlife.  Hence the inclusion of targets related to air, water quality and land reclamation in the NBSAP.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
Areas under forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity
Pollutants (of all types) has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity

Target 10 Guidelines for responsible recreational fishing and practices in ornamental fish collection and handling published and at least 2 awareness and training programmes conducted per year.

Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
Areas under forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity

Target 11 The achievement of the intended impact of the full implementation of the communication strategy for the implementation of the NBSAP.

Level of application
National / Federal