National Target 5: Development of ex-situ conservation areas to protect local ecosystems
Based on the IBSAP 2015-2020, in-situ and ex-situ biodiversity management is encouraged in order to maintain the existence of biodiversity and its optimal benefits for the present and future. This management strategy is meant to maintain biodiversity to be preserved in daily lives of Indonesian people by improving biodiversity knowledge such as acts of greening and maintenance of the space with appropriate utilization of biodiversity; development of biodiversity park and/or other relevant ex situ conservation areas to reflect the original identity of biodiversity of the specific region and as a source of the development of sustainable biodiversity utilization.
The formulation of National Targets was carried out in a participatory manner through (1) evaluation and mapping of suitability and implementation of the IBSAP 2003-2020; (2) as a whole, formulating action plans and programs for achieving national and global targets by updating data and information regarding the current status of Indonesian biodiversity and key documents such as the National Medium-Term Development Plan 2015-2019 and Government Work Plan in 2015 which are published by five Ministries/Government institutions, i.e. the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Forestry (since January 2015, both ministries have merged and became the Ministry of Environment and Forestry), the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI); and (3) consultations, as the results of identification of national targets along with the action plans and programs, with relevant biodiversity experts, biodiversity managers in Ministries/Agencies, Regional Governments, private sector/biodiversity actors, and civil society organizations through various workshops, seminars, focus group discussions during the period 2013 - 2014 at the national level and some in the regional level (KemenPPN / BAPPENAS, 2016, pp. 17-19).