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Sixth National Report

  published:14 Oct 2019

Section I. Information on the targets being pursued at the national level

Indonesia

National Target 1: Awareness and participation of various parties established through formal and informal education programs

National Target (NT) 1 was prepared to comply with the Aichi Target (AT) 1 framework as a reference in formulating a number of action plans and activity programs to implement the 2015-2020 Indonesian Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (IBSAP) with a focus on increasing human resource capacity for biodiversity (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, p.15).

Based on the IBSAP 2015-2020, the implementation of NT 1 supports the IBSAP Action Plan 4 Capacity Building of Biodiversity Management’ through Activity Groups in raising awareness on biodiversity (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, p.249), which include:

·       Human resources capacity development through formal and informal education and training.

·       Development of CEPA (Capacity, Education and Public Awareness) strategy.

·       Community participation improvement in biodiversity management.

·       Awareness improvement through enforcement on environmental criminal law.

·       Information broadcast and dissemination on biodiversity management.

·       Improvement in people’s awareness about poverty reduction at the village level and development of biodiversity potential in left-behind areas.

·       Improvement in people’s awareness through KUMKM (Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Cooperative) empowerment in forestry, agricultural, marine and fisheries sectors

·      Improvement in people's awareness through degradation control and use of coastal, marine, and inland water ecosystems.



EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
1. Awareness of biodiversity values
Relevant documents and information

The formulation of National Targets was carried out in a participatory manner through (1) evaluation and mapping of suitability and implementation of the IBSAP 2003-2020; (2) as a whole, formulating action plans and programs for achieving national and global targets by updating data and information regarding the current status of Indonesian biodiversity and key documents such as the National Medium-Term Development Plan 2015-2019 and Government Work Plan in 2015 which are published by five Ministries/Government institutions, i.e. the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Forestry (since January 2015, both ministries have merged and became the Ministry of Environment and Forestry/KLHK), the Ministry of Agriculture/Kementan, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries/KKP, and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences/LIPI; and (3) consultations, as the results of identification of national targets along with the action plans and programs, with relevant biodiversity experts, biodiversity managers in Ministries/Agencies, Regional Governments, private sector/biodiversity actors, and civil society organizations through various workshops, seminars, focus group discussions during the period 2013 - 2014 at the national level and some in the regional level (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, pp. 17-19).

EN

National Target 2: Implementation of sustainable management of biodiversity resources in the planning and implementation of national and regional development to improve community economies

National Target (NT) 2 was prepared to comply with the Aichi Target (AT) 2 framework as a reference for formulating a number of action plans and activity programs related to the integration of biodiversity values ​​into national and local development in Indonesia, which have been adapted to the national conditions and needs.

The IBSAP 2015-2020 serves as a national reference on the management and utilization of biodiversity in Indonesia that binds Indonesia to carry out development from national level to the regional level (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, p.8). As a reference, the IBSAP 2015-2020 helps to mainstream the management of biological resources into the development plan documents (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, p.219). This mainstreaming is one of the strategy in developing a collaborative biodiversity management system to be more participatory and inclusive (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, p.242).

Based on the IBSAP 2015-2020, the implementation of NT 2 supports the Action Plan 4 of IBSAP, namely 'Capacity Building of Biodiversity Management' through three Activity Groups, which include:

1.       Preparation and determination of the updated IBSAP documents.

2.       Development of a germplasm organizational system.

3.      Development of plans and improvements related to terrestrial and marine biodiversity areas 

   

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
2. Integration of biodiversity values
Relevant documents and information

The formulation of National Targets was carried out in a participatory manner through (1) evaluation and mapping of suitability and implementation of the IBSAP 2003-2020; (2) as a whole, formulating action plans and programs for achieving national and global targets by updating data and information regarding the current status of Indonesian biodiversity and key documents such as the National Medium-Term Development Plan 2015-2019 and Government Work Plan in 2015 which are published by five Ministries/Government institutions, i.e. the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Forestry (since January 2015, both ministries have merged and became the Ministry of Environment and Forestry), the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI); and (3) consultations, as the results of identification of national targets along with the action plans and programs, with relevant biodiversity experts, biodiversity managers in Ministries/Agencies, Regional Governments, private sector/biodiversity actors, and civil society organizations through various workshops, seminars, focus group discussions during the period 2013 - 2014 at the national level and some in the regional level (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, pp. 17-19)

EN

National Target 3: Realization of incentives and disincentives system in business and the sustainable management of biological resources

Based on the IBSAP 2015-2020, the second mission (out of three) of biodiversity management in Indonesia is to make biodiversity a source of prosperity and the sustainability of the life of Indonesian people. One way to achieve this mission is through policies on biodiversity usage development for daily activities and livelihood within the relevant society. One strategy related to such policy is to support a biodiversity industry that maintains its awareness of sustainability through the incentives/disincentives system in line with sustainable use of biodiversity. This strategy is carried out in parallel with the development of the biodiversity-based industry.


As part of the evaluation of the IBSAP 2003-2020, National Target 3 was determined from the arising need to develop an incentive and funding scheme to control anthropogenic impacts on biodiversity. Those who capable of applying rewards and/or punishments and market mechanisms (i.e. producers and consumers) will adjust their behaviour through mechanisms of incentives and disincentives to environmental impacts. In efforts to control climate change, for example, the development of such instruments/policies is expected to manifest in a legal umbrella relating to the implementation and operationalization of incentive and funding schemes which may include guidance for funding mechanisms and provision of incentive schemes.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
3. Incentives
Relevant documents and information

The formulation of National Targets was carried out in a participatory manner through (1) evaluation and mapping of suitability and implementation of the IBSAP 2003-2020; (2) as a whole, formulating action plans and programs for achieving national and global targets by updating data and information regarding the current status of Indonesian biodiversity and key documents such as the National Medium-Term Development Plan 2015-2019 and Government Work Plan in 2015 which are published by five Ministries/Government institutions, i.e. the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Forestry (since January 2015, both ministries have merged and became the Ministry of Environment and Forestry), the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI); and (3) consultations, as the results of identification of national targets along with the action plans and programs, with relevant biodiversity experts, biodiversity managers in Ministries/Agencies, Regional Governments, private sector/biodiversity actors, and civil society organizations through various workshops, seminars, focus group discussions during the period 2013 - 2014 at the national level and some in the regional level (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, pp. 17-19).

EN

National Target 4: Establishment of increased availability and implementation of policies supporting sustainable consumption and production (SCP) in the utilization of biodiversity resources

The National Target 4 was prepared to comply with the Aichi Target (AT) 4 framework as a reference for formulating a number of action plans and activity programs that have been adapted to national conditions and needs to develop sustainable patterns of production and consumption.

Sustainable development has been implemented in Indonesia starting from preparation of long-term development missions, mainstreaming the medium-term development, to the implementation through various government programs and activities. The National Target 4 was established in light of the needs for a more systematic approach to the sustainable development. These needs, among others, are (1) sustainable development which is explained in tangible terms - stages and milestones, (2) linkages between each stage and criteria/characteristic/measure to reliably assess progress in each step, which is (3) in line with population growth and fulfilment of welfare through sustainable production-consumption and economic growth, (4) the management of waste from human activities that exceeding nature’s capabilities of absorption and maintenance, (5) declining non-renewable resources while considering the growing population and consumption, and (6) the availability of quantity and quality of the nature and renewable resources to meet the growing needs and consumptions
EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
4. Use of natural resources
Relevant documents and information
The formulation of National Targets was carried out in a participatory manner through (1) evaluation and mapping of suitability and implementation of the IBSAP 2003-2020; (2) as a whole, formulating action plans and programs for achieving national and global targets by updating data and information regarding the current status of Indonesian biodiversity and key documents such as the National Medium-Term Development Plan 2015-2019 and Government Work Plan in 2015 which are published by five Ministries/Government institutions, i.e. the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Forestry (since January 2015, both ministries have merged and became the Ministry of Environment and Forestry), the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI); and (3) consultations, as the results of identification of national targets along with the action plans and programs, with relevant biodiversity experts, biodiversity managers in Ministries/Agencies, Regional Governments, private sector/biodiversity actors, and civil society organizations through various workshops, seminars, focus group discussions during the period 2013 - 2014 at the national level and some in the regional level (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, pp. 17-19).

Policies related to Responsible Production and Consumption have been initiated by the government in the document of 10-Year Sustainable Consumption and Production Framework in Indonesia 2013-2023 which contains Indonesia's roadmap in implementing Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP), and policies listed in the 2015-2019 RPJMN. The vision of the 10-Year Sustainable Consumption and Production Framework in Indonesia 2013-2023 (10 Years of SCP Indonesia) is to enable the implementation of SCP in Indonesia's national development agenda, with an orientation to improving the quality of life for Indonesian people through environmentally friendly and sustainable changes in production and consumption behavior. The mission of 2013 - 2023 SCP Indonesia 10 Years to become the first stage of integration of SCP implementations in several "Quick Wins" national programs and provides a model for the integration of SCP implementations in other national programs.

The implementation of the SCP is also strengthened in the 2015-2019 RPJMN document with the introduction of sustainable production and consumption patterns as the Post 2015 and Climate Change Agenda, and the National Development Agenda with policies aimed at implementing sustainable production and consumption patterns as an effort to efficiently use resources and reduce environmental pollution and improve communities quality of life. This step is supported by operational policies, which are:

·       Changes in patterns of production and consumption as well as people's lifestyles through education and campaigns;

·       Implementation of the principles of sustainable production and consumption patterns in the business cycle and business process;

·       Development of product standards that are environmentally friendly; and

·       Public services in the implementation of sustainable consumption patterns.

(Source: RAN TPB/National Action Plan SDGs, website: http://sdgs.bappenas.go.id/)


EN

National Target 5: Development of ex-situ conservation areas to protect local ecosystems

Based on the IBSAP 2015-2020, in-situ and ex-situ biodiversity management is encouraged in order to maintain the existence of biodiversity and its optimal benefits for the present and future. This management strategy is meant to maintain biodiversity to be preserved in daily lives of Indonesian people by improving biodiversity knowledge such as acts of greening and maintenance of the space with appropriate utilization of biodiversity; development of biodiversity park and/or other relevant ex situ conservation areas to reflect the original identity of biodiversity of the specific region and as a source of the development of sustainable biodiversity utilization.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
5. Loss of habitats
Relevant documents and information

The formulation of National Targets was carried out in a participatory manner through (1) evaluation and mapping of suitability and implementation of the IBSAP 2003-2020; (2) as a whole, formulating action plans and programs for achieving national and global targets by updating data and information regarding the current status of Indonesian biodiversity and key documents such as the National Medium-Term Development Plan 2015-2019 and Government Work Plan in 2015 which are published by five Ministries/Government institutions, i.e. the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Forestry (since January 2015, both ministries have merged and became the Ministry of Environment and Forestry), the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI); and (3) consultations, as the results of identification of national targets along with the action plans and programs, with relevant biodiversity experts, biodiversity managers in Ministries/Agencies, Regional Governments, private sector/biodiversity actors, and civil society organizations through various workshops, seminars, focus group discussions during the period 2013 - 2014 at the national level and some in the regional level (KemenPPN / BAPPENAS, 2016, pp. 17-19).

EN

National Target 6: Implementation of policies for sustainable management and harvesting

National Target 6 was initiated to deal with one of the national strategic issues identified during the IBSAP 2003-2020 implementation period up to 2014, which is to ensure the sustainable utilization of fisheries and marine resources (SDA) both in capture fisheries and aquaculture, taking into account ecological rules and limitations, legal compliance and reporting system (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2014).

National Target 6 was prepared following the Aichi Target (AT) 6 framework as a reference for formulating a number of action plans and activity programs that have been adapted to national conditions and needs regarding sustainable management of marine biological resources.

Based on the IBSAP 2015-2020, the implementation of National Target 6 supports IBSAP Action Plan 3, 'Maintenance and preservation of biodiversity' through the Activity Group 'Management & harvesting of marine resources species that are protected and managed sustainably' (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, p.247).
EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
6. Sustainable fisheries
Relevant documents and information

The formulation of National Targets was carried out in a participatory manner through (1) evaluation and mapping of suitability and implementation of the IBSAP 2003-2020; (2) as a whole, formulating action plans and programs for achieving national and global targets by updating data and information regarding the current status of Indonesian biodiversity and key documents such as the National Medium-Term Development Plan 2015-2019 and Government Work Plan in 2015 which are published by five Ministries/Government institutions, i.e. the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Forestry (since January 2015, both ministries have merged and became the Ministry of Environment and Forestry), the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI); and (3) consultations, as the results of identification of national targets along with the action plans and programs, with relevant biodiversity experts, biodiversity managers in Ministries/Agencies, Regional Governments, private sector/biodiversity actors, and civil society organizations through various workshops, seminars, focus group discussions during the period 2013 - 2014 at the national level and some in the regional level (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, pp. 17-19).

EN

National Target 7: Improved sustainably managed land for agricultural, plantation and animal husbandry

National Target (NT) 7 was initiated to deal with one of the national strategic issues identified during the period of 2003-2020 IBSAP implementation up to 2014, relating to the need for regulation on biodiversity management; specifically, that are more operational and technical for managing biodiversity sustainably (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, p.182).

National Target 7 was prepared to comply with the Aichi Target (AT) 7 framework as a reference in formulating a number of action plans and activity programs that have been adapted to national conditions and needs regarding area management for forestry, agriculture, plantation, animal husbandry, and aquaculture purpose that ensure sustainable biodiversity management.

Based on the 2015-2020 IBSAP, the implementation of National Target 7 supports IBSAP Action Plan 3, 'Maintenance and preservation of biodiversity' through the Activity Group on the Development of national and local regulations to support the biodiversity sustainable management and harvesting targets (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, p.247).
EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
7. Areas under sustainable management
Relevant documents and information

The formulation of National Targets was carried out in a participatory manner through (1) evaluation and mapping of suitability and implementation of the IBSAP 2003-2020; (2) as a whole, formulating action plans and programs for achieving national and global targets by updating data and information regarding the current status of Indonesian biodiversity and key documents such as the National Medium-Term Development Plan 2015-2019 and Government Work Plan in 2015 which are published by five Ministries/Government institutions, i.e. the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Forestry (since January 2015, both ministries have merged and became the Ministry of Environment and Forestry), the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI); and (3) consultations, as the results of identification of national targets along with the action plans and programs, with relevant biodiversity experts, biodiversity managers in Ministries/Agencies, Regional Governments, private sector/biodiversity actors, and civil society organizations through various workshops, seminars, focus group discussions during the period 2013 - 2014 at the national level and some in the regional level (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, pp. 17-19).

EN

National Target 8: Reduction of pollution that damages biological resources and ecosystem functions

National Target (NT) 8 is the implementation for reducing the level of pollution that damages biological resources and ecosystem functions, thereby supporting Aichi Biodiversity Target (ABT) 8.

Based on the 2015-2020 IBSAP, the implementation of NT 8 supports IBSAP Action Plan 3, i.e. 'Maintenance and preservation of biodiversity' through the Activity Group 'Pollution control from many types of activities’. The implementation of NT 8 is expected to reduce the level of environmental pollution - be it in air, land or water, preventing habitat damage and extinction of biodiversity.
EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
8. Pollution
Relevant documents and information

The formulation of National Targets was carried out in a participatory manner through (1) evaluation and mapping of suitability and implementation of the IBSAP 2003-2020; (2) as a whole, formulating action plans and programs for achieving national and global targets by updating data and information regarding the current status of Indonesian biodiversity and key documents such as the National Medium-Term Development Plan 2015-2019 and Government Work Plan in 2015 which are published by five Ministries/Government institutions, i.e. the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Forestry (since January 2015, both ministries have merged and became the Ministry of Environment and Forestry), the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI); and (3) consultations, as the results of identification of national targets along with the action plans and programs, with relevant biodiversity experts, biodiversity managers in Ministries/Agencies, Regional Governments, private sector/biodiversity actors, and civil society organizations through various workshops, seminars, focus group discussions during the period 2013 - 2014 at the national level and some in the regional level (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, pp. 17-19).

EN

National Target 9: Implementation of prevention and eradication programs for invasive alien species (IAS)

National Target 9 was prepared following the Aichi Target (AT) 9 framework as a reference for formulating a number of action plans and activity programs related to the control of Invasive Alien Species (IAS), which have been adapted to national conditions and needs.

Referring to the IBSAP 2015-2020, one of the threats to the preservation of biodiversity is the presence of IAS which can change natural ecosystems and cause degradation and even habitat loss. The introduction of IAS into the ecosystem may occur, naturally and unnaturally, through human activities including trade and transportation nationally and internationally. Given that the IAS are a cross-cutting issue, cross-sector collaboration and specific regulations are needed in the management of IAS to protect biodiversity. In addition, it is also necessary to compile a comprehensive reference for relevant sectors in the form of the National Strategy and Management Action Plan for IAS so that the management of IAS will be carried out more precisely, effectively and efficiently by each sector in accordance with its authority, while maintaining coordination and integration nationally to bring .positive impact to the environment, health, as well as social and economic aspects of society, at both local and national level
EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
9. Invasive Alien Species
Relevant documents and information

The formulation of National Targets was carried out in a participatory manner through (1) evaluation and mapping of suitability and implementation of the IBSAP 2003-2020; (2) as a whole, formulating action plans and programs for achieving national and global targets by updating data and information regarding the current status of Indonesian biodiversity and key documents such as the National Medium-Term Development Plan 2015-2019 and Government Work Plan in 2015 which are published by five Ministries/Government institutions, i.e. the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Forestry (since January 2015, both ministries have merged and became the Ministry of Environment and Forestry), the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI); and (3) consultations, as the results of identification of national targets along with the action plans and programs, with relevant biodiversity experts, biodiversity managers in Ministries/Agencies, Regional Governments, private sector/biodiversity actors, and civil society organizations through various workshops, seminars, focus group discussions during the period 2013 - 2014 at the national level and some in the regional level (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, pp. 17-19).

EN

National Target 10: Reduced level of anthropogenic pressure on coral reefs and other vulnerable ecosystems affected by climate change

National Target (NT) 10 was prepared following the Aichi Target (AT) 10 framework as a reference for formulating a number of action plans and activity programs related to reducing pressure on vulnerable ecosystems, which have been adapted to national conditions and needs.

Climate change is a major challenge in the implementation of the IBSAP 2015-2020 which is amended from the IBSAP 2003-2020. Biodiversity of coral reefs ecosystems built from ecological processes for hundreds or even thousands of years contains the highest diversity out of a few major ecosystems in Indonesia. Climate change impacts on the coral reef’s damages, particularly by triggering coral bleaching. Therefore, strategies are needed to ensure climate adaptation and mitigation at all levels.

Based on the IBSAP 2015-2020, the implementation of NT 10 supports the IBSAP Action Plan 3, 'Maintenance and preservation of biodiversity ', through several Activity Groups (KK) including:

§     More reviews on climate change mitigation and adaptation (KK-1);

§     Improvement of activities dealing with climate change adaptation and mitigation at national and local levels (KK-2)

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
10. Vulnerable ecosystems
Relevant documents and information

The formulation of National Targets was carried out in a participatory manner through (1) evaluation and mapping of suitability and implementation of the IBSAP 2003-2020; (2) as a whole, formulating action plans and programs for achieving national and global targets by updating data and information regarding the current status of Indonesian biodiversity and key documents such as the National Medium-Term Development Plan 2015-2019 and Government Work Plan in 2015 which are published by five Ministries/Government institutions, i.e. the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Forestry (since January 2015, both ministries have merged and became the Ministry of Environment and Forestry), the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI); and (3) consultations, as the results of identification of national targets along with the action plans and programs, with relevant biodiversity experts, biodiversity managers in Ministries/Agencies, Regional Governments, private sector/biodiversity actors, and civil society organizations through various workshops, seminars, focus group discussions during the period 2013 - 2014 at the national level and some in the regional level (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, pp. 17-19).

EN

National Target 11: Realization of sustainable maintenance and improvement of conservation areas

National Target (NT) 11 is a manifestation of the Government of Indonesia’s commitment to support the vision of 'Realizing a beautiful and sustainable Indonesia' - the sixth out of eight visions in the National Long Term Development Plan (RPJPN) for 2005-2025 (KemenPPN/ BAPPENAS, 2016, p.2).

This vision was strengthened in the third phase of the RPJPN through the technocratic draft of the National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN) for 2015-2019 which emphasizes the preservation of natural resources and the environment and disaster management as one of the sub agendas to realize economic independence (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, p.6).

National target 11 was prepared following the Aichi Target (AT) 11 framework as a reference for formulating a number of action plans and activity programs that have been adapted to national conditions and needs regarding the area of ​​protection and conservation.

Based on the 2015-2020 IBSAP, the implementation of NT 11 supports IBSAP Action Plan 3. 'Maintenance and preservation of biodiversity' through several Activity Groups (KK) with the following themes:

§  Expansion of marine protected area into 20 million ha.

§  Recovery of land conservation areas.

§  Sustainable management of the protected forest.

§  Integrated management of watersheds.

§  Essential ecosystems management.

§  Expansion and sustainable management of lands for agriculture, plantations and animal husbandry.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
11. Protected areas
Relevant documents and information

The formulation of National Targets was carried out in a participatory manner through (1) evaluation and mapping of suitability and implementation of the IBSAP 2003-2020; (2) as a whole, formulating action plans and programs for achieving national and global targets by updating data and information regarding the current status of Indonesian biodiversity and key documents such as the National Medium-Term Development Plan 2015-2019 and Government Work Plan in 2015 which are published by five Ministries/Government institutions, i.e. the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Forestry (since January 2015, both ministries have merged and became the Ministry of Environment and Forestry), the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI); and (3) consultations, as the results of identification of national targets along with the action plans and programs, with relevant biodiversity experts, biodiversity managers in Ministries/Agencies, Regional Governments, private sector/biodiversity actors, and civil society organizations through various workshops, seminars, focus group discussions during the period 2013 - 2014 at the national level and some in the regional level (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, pp. 17-19).

EN

National Target 12: Realization of efforts to maintain the populations of endangered species as a national conservation priority

National Target 12 is a manifestation of the Government of Indonesia’s commitment to support the vision of 'Realizing a beautiful and sustainable Indonesia' - the sixth out of eight visions in the National Long Term Development Plan (RPJPN) for 2005-2025 (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, p.2).

Biodiversity encompasses the entirety of life on Earth, which consists of various levels, ranging from genetics, species to ecosystems. The entire levels, be it in the terrestrial or marine ecosystem, interact and influence each other in one shared environment. Each component in the ecosystem plays specific roles and functions; therefore, the loss of species may adversely impact the ecosystem.

As of 2014, 14 (fourteen) animal species have been defined as endangered. The Government has determined 25 priority endangered animal species (terrestrial) for national conservation with a target of 10% increase of their population in the monitoring location until 2019, which is benchmarked from 2013 baseline data (DJKSDAE-KLHK, 2015, p.46). Meanwhile, conservation efforts for marine biota diversity are made with the commitment of Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries to expand the number of species under the list of protected and preserved marine biodiversity species to 20 species cumulatively by 2019 (KKP, 2017, p.96). Some steps taken are optimizing the management of conservation areas, improving the quality of biodiversity data and information, and increasing the utilization of economic values ​​of biodiversity and environmental services. Other steps taken are breeding efforts at conservation institutions and semi-natural animal sanctuaries within conservation areas.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
12. Preventing extinctions
Relevant documents and information

The formulation of National Targets was carried out in a participatory manner through (1) evaluation and mapping of suitability and implementation of the IBSAP 2003-2020; (2) as a whole, formulating action plans and programs for achieving national and global targets by updating data and information regarding the current status of Indonesian biodiversity and key documents such as the National Medium-Term Development Plan 2015-2019 and Government Work Plan in 2015 which are published by five Ministries/Government institutions, i.e. the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Forestry (since January 2015, both ministries have merged and became the Ministry of Environment and Forestry), the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI); and (3) consultations, as the results of identification of national targets along with the action plans and programs, with relevant biodiversity experts, biodiversity managers in Ministries/Agencies, Regional Governments, private sector/biodiversity actors, and civil society organizations through various workshops, seminars, focus group discussions during the period 2013 - 2014 at the national level and some in the regional level (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, pp. 17-19).

EN

National Target 13: Implementation of system development in nurseries, genetic breeding and domestication of wildlife as well as the breeding of wild animals

National Target 13 is intended to maintain and protect genetic diversity that has provided various germplasm sources for food and high value-added biodiversity products in supporting sustainable development. The National Target 13 was prepared to comply with the Aichi Target (AT) 13 framework as a reference for formulating a number of action plans and activity programs that have been adapted to national conditions and needs regarding the management of genetic resources.

The maintenance and protection of genetic resources need to be carried out through the development of systems for breeding, genetic breeding and wildlife domestication, as well as the breeding of wild species. Some things that underlie the need for the maintenance/preservation, protection and utilization of genetic resources are:

§  Management and safeguarding of biodiversity sustainability can be carried out by the government together with the community, one of which can be done through breeding wild plants and animals. Breeding activities can support the achievement of wildlife domestication (DJKSDAE-KLHK, 2015).

§  Applied technology engineering in the field of aquaculture is carried out to maintain the sustainability of germplasm. As a result of breeding or domestication, new varieties of fish may enrich the types of fish circulating in the community. The increase of availability and quality assurance of broodstocks and superior seeds to support aquaculture production targets may have its quality guaranteed through the establishment of Indonesian National Standards for broodstocks and seed production for aquaculture commodities for freshwater, brackish or marine aquaculture (Kemen KP, 2017).

§  Various efforts to develop and expand seedling logistics in the fields of food and agriculture need to be carried out in the form of: national seed/nursery institutional arrangements- protection, maintenance and utilization of national genetic resources for the development of local superior varieties; empowerment of local breeders and seed producers; increasing the role of private sector in developing seed/ seedling industry; and developing seed industry for the independence from the national seed industry (Ministry of Agriculture, 2016).

§  In the fields of agriculture, plantation and animal husbandry, the arrangement and empowerment of seed institutions will give a positive impact on the realization of the seed industry to produce quality seeds of superior varieties in a sustainable manner. (BPPP, 2015).

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
13. Agricultural biodiversity
Relevant documents and information

The formulation of National Targets was carried out in a participatory manner through (1) evaluation and mapping of suitability and implementation of the IBSAP 2003-2020; (2) as a whole, formulating action plans and programs for achieving national and global targets by updating data and information regarding the current status of Indonesian biodiversity and key documents such as the National Medium-Term Development Plan 2015-2019 and Government Work Plan in 2015 which are published by five Ministries/Government institutions, i.e. the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Forestry (since January 2015, both ministries have merged and became the Ministry of Environment and Forestry), the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI); and (3) consultations, as the results of identification of national targets along with the action plans and programs, with relevant biodiversity experts, biodiversity managers in Ministries/Agencies, Regional Governments, private sector/biodiversity actors, and civil society organizations through various workshops, seminars, focus group discussions during the period 2013 - 2014 at the national level and some in the regional level (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, pp. 17-19).

EN

National Target 14: Improved functionality of integrated ecosystems to ensure the improvement of essential services (water, health, livelihoods and tourism)

National Target 14 is to ensure the improvement of integrated ecosystem functions to provide important services, such as water supply, health, livelihoods and tourism. In order to achieve National Target 14, the action plan for maintaining and preserving biodiversity is formulated through various activity groups (KemenPPN/BAPPENAS, 2016, p. 246). The National Target 14 is prepared to comply with the Aichi Target (AT) 14 framework as a reference for formulating a number of action plans and activity programs that have been adapted to national conditions and needs. Activity groups in this action plan (DJKSDAE-KLHK, 2015; KemenKP, 2017; Ministry of Agriculture, 2016) include:

§  Utilization of conservation area environmental services,

§  Development of ecotourism attraction,

§  Management and conservation of reservoirs, retention basins, lakes, and other water storage structures,

§  Management and development of essential ecosystem areas,

§  Utilization of coastal areas, oceans, and small islands,

§  Increasing production and productivity of environmental-friendly agricultural products,

§  Increasing production and productivity of sustainable plantation crops,

§  Development of marine and fisheries products and product processing businesses.

Preservation of ecosystems inside or outside of conservation areas may provide important ecosystem services for the survival of human life. In order to maintain or even increase such availability, utilization and maintenance of ecosystem services, the following are needed:

§  Management and utilization of ecosystem services by the government and the private sector through a permit mechanism taking into account the limitation of the capacity of ecosystems so that the function ecosystem services is maintained (DJKSDAE-KLHK, 2015; Kemen KP, 2017).

§  Ecosystem restoration efforts to improve ecosystem functions through participatory actions (DJKSDAE-KLHK, 2015; Kemen KP, 2017).

§  Development of biodiversity conservation areas and the area outside of conservation areas to provide various types of ecosystem services. From economic and social perspectives, both biodiversity conservation areas and the area outside of conservation areas possess high economic value (DJKSDAE-KLHK, 2015).

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
14. Essential ecosystem services
Relevant documents and information