PDF

Sixth National Report

submitted on: 12 Apr 2019   last updated: 14 Apr 2019

Section I. Information on the targets being pursued at the national level

Ethiopia

National Biodiversity Target (NBT) -01 By 2020, awareness of public and decision makers on the values of biodiversity and ecosystem services is raised, and the steps they can take to conserve and use them sustainably is improved

In Ethiopia, local communities and most decision makers have limited knowledge and awareness on biodiversity and ecosystem services. Therefore, policy makers are occupied with poverty reduction and development issues that may have short term gains, but will harm biodiversity in the long term. Similarly, some of the investment activities may have adverse effect on biodiversity. Ethiopia has been undertaking various actions in areas related to education and public awareness on biodiversity conservation and sustainable utilization. Further efforts were, however, required to increase overall awareness of communities, policy makers, development partners and private sectors on the importance of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Therefore, there is a high need to raise awareness at different levels in order to bring positive changes and to create more commitment of government for effective implementation of the three objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
1. Awareness of biodiversity values
 
2. Integration of biodiversity values
4. Use of natural resources
19. Biodiversity knowledge
Relevant documents and information

Based on Decision X/2 of Conference of the Parties (COP), Ethiopia revised its NBSAP 2015-2020 in a participatory manner with full involvement of stakeholders. Besides, basic requirements from the implementing agency (United Nations Environment Programme), project funding mechanism (Global Environment Facility) and the government of Ethiopia (Ministry of Finance and Economic Development) were fulfilled.

Parallel to the above, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, as a Focal Point to the Convection on Biological Diversity, organized an ad hoc Expert Group to develop Annual Work Plans (AWP) for the NBSAP revision period.

During the revision process, appraisal data were collected from respective stakeholders such as regional and federal research and higher learning institutions, line ministries/institutions, NGOs, senior private experts and private sectors. The collected data were analyzed and stocktaking report was produced that was subject to consecutive stakeholder evaluations.

Similarly, National Project Steering Committee (NPSC) that oversees overall activities of the NBSAP revision and a Technical Team (TT) that would be involved in stocktaking and synthesizing stocktaking report, drafting national targets, developing the actions, the action plan and devising implementation arrangements to the revised NBSAP were established. Accordingly, the NPSC members from 10 key stakeholder institutions conducted its first meeting on 22nd June 2012 and approved the AWP, and institutional and technical composition of the TT members.

Twenty four TT members who were nominated from seven stakeholder institutions took the stock at federal and regional levels, and compiled national stocktaking report and prepared draft National Biodiversity Strategy. The draft National Biodiversity Strategy was presented at a series of National Stakeholders Workshops. After incorporating the feed backs, the enriched NBSAP containing 18 targets, 42 indicators and 58 actions was produced. Finally, the Strategic document was endorsed by the government and submitted to the SCBD.

The revised Ethiopian NBSAP 2015-2020 is in line with 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets of the Global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The implementation of the NBSAP is led by nine lead institutions, namely: Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI); Ministry of Education (MoE); Plan and Development Commission (PDC); Ministry of Agriculture (MoA); Ministry of Trade and Industry (MoTI); Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy (MoWIE); Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission (EFCCC); Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority (EWCA); and Ministry of Women, Children and Youth (MoWCY).

This target (NBT 1) is included in the strategic plans of major sectors of the country that are involved in the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and fair and equitable sharing of benefits accrued from access and benefit sharing of genetic resources of Ethiopia such as EBI, EWCA, EFCCC, MoWIE and MoA.

EN

National Biodiversity Target (NBT) -02 By 2020, the existing biodiversity related laws, regulations and strategies, including those associated with incentives are reviewed and gaps are addressed

Like in many other developing countries, the importance of biodiversity, especially of ecosystem services are not widely reflected in decision making processes in Ethiopia, resulting from the absence of reliable and comprehensive data on economic and non-economic values of biodiversity and the ecosystem services it underpins. Moreover, Science-policy interface in this regard is not well established. Therefore, the objective of this target is to ensure the diverse values of biodiversity and opportunities derived from its conservation and sustainable use are recognized and reflected in all relevant public and private decision-making processes such as national and local development and poverty reduction strategies.


EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
3. Incentives
Relevant documents and information

Based on Decision X/2 of Conference of the Parties (COP), Ethiopia revised its NBSAP 2015-2020 in a participatory manner with full involvement of stakeholders. Besides, basic requirements from the implementing agency (United Nations Environment Programme), project funding mechanism (Global Environment Facility) and the government of Ethiopia (Ministry of Finance and Economic Development) were fulfilled.

Parallel to the above, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, as a Focal Point to the Convection on Biological Diversity, organized an ad hoc Expert Group to develop Annual Work Plans (AWP) for the NBSAP revision period.

During the revision process, appraisal data were collected from respective stakeholders such as regional and federal research and higher learning institutions, line ministries/institutions, NGOs, senior private experts and private sectors. The collected data were analyzed and stocktaking report was produced that was subject to consecutive stakeholder evaluations.

Similarly, National Project Steering Committee (NPSC) that oversees overall activities of the NBSAP revision and a Technical Team (TT) that would be involved in stocktaking and synthesizing stocktaking report, drafting national targets, developing the actions, the action plan and devising implementation arrangements to the revised NBSAP were established. Accordingly, the NPSC members from 10 key stakeholder institutions conducted its first meeting on 22nd June 2012 and approved the AWP, and institutional and technical composition of the TT members.

Twenty four TT members who were nominated from seven stakeholder institutions took the stock at federal and regional levels, and compiled national stocktaking report and prepared draft National Biodiversity Strategy. The draft National Biodiversity Strategy was presented at a series of National Stakeholders Workshops. After incorporating the feed backs, the enriched NBSAP containing 18 targets, 42 indicators and 58 actions was produced. Finally, the Strategic document was endorsed by the government and submitted to the SCBD.

The revised Ethiopian NBSAP 2015-2020 is in line with 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets of the Global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The implementation of the NBSAP is led by nine lead institutions, namely: Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI); Ministry of Education (MoE); Plan and Development Commission (PDC); Ministry of Agriculture (MoA); Ministry of Trade and Industry (MoTI); Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy (MoWIE); Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission (EFCCC); Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority (EWCA); and Ministry of Women, Children and Youth (MoWCY).

This target (NBT 2) is included in the strategic plans of major sectors of the country that are engaged in the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and fair and equitable sharing of benefits accrued from access and benefit sharing of genetic resources of Ethiopia such as EBI, EWCA, EFCCC, MoWIE, Research & Higher Learning Institutions (RHLIs) and MoA.


EN

National Biodiversity Target (NBT) -03 By 2020, biodiversity values and ecosystem services are communicated and integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and plans

Similar to many other developing countries, the importance of biodiversity, especially of ecosystem services are not widely reflected in decision making processes in Ethiopia, resulting from the absence of reliable and comprehensive data on economic and non-economic values of biodiversity and the ecosystem services it underpins. In addition, biodiversity and ecosystem services are not properly mainstreamed into development sectors. Therefore, the objective of this target is to ensure the diverse values of biodiversity and opportunities derived from its conservation and sustainable use are recognized and reflected in all relevant public and private decision-making processes such as national and local development and poverty reduction strategies.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
1. Awareness of biodiversity values
 
2. Integration of biodiversity values
19. Biodiversity knowledge
Relevant documents and information

Based on Decision X/2 of Conference of the Parties (COP), Ethiopia revised its NBSAP 2015-2020 in a participatory manner with full involvement of stakeholders. Besides, basic requirements from the implementing agency (United Nations Environment Programme), project funding mechanism (Global Environment Facility) and the government of Ethiopia (Ministry of Finance and Economic Development) were fulfilled.

Parallel to the above, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, as a Focal Point to the Convection on Biological Diversity, organized an ad hoc Expert Group to develop Annual Work Plans (AWP) for the NBSAP revision period.

During the revision process, appraisal data were collected from respective stakeholders such as regional and federal research and higher learning institutions, line ministries/institutions, NGOs, senior private experts and private sectors. The collected data were analyzed and stocktaking report was produced that was subject to consecutive stakeholder evaluations.

Similarly, National Project Steering Committee (NPSC) that oversees overall activities of the NBSAP revision and a Technical Team (TT) that would be involved in stocktaking and synthesizing stocktaking report, drafting national targets, developing the actions, the action plan and devising implementation arrangements to the revised NBSAP were established. Accordingly, the NPSC members from 10 key stakeholder institutions conducted its first meeting on 22nd June 2012 and approved the AWP, and institutional and technical composition of the TT members.

Twenty four TT members who were nominated from seven stakeholder institutions took the stock at federal and regional levels, and compiled national stocktaking report and prepared draft National Biodiversity Strategy. The draft National Biodiversity Strategy was presented at a series of National Stakeholders Workshops. After incorporating the feed backs, the enriched NBSAP containing 18 targets, 42 indicators and 58 actions was produced. Finally, the Strategic document was endorsed by the government and submitted to the SCBD.

The revised Ethiopian NBSAP 2015-2020 is in line with 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets of the Global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The implementation of the NBSAP is led by nine lead institutions, namely: Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI); Ministry of Education (MoE); Plan and Development Commission (PDC); Ministry of Agriculture (MoA); Ministry of Trade and Industry (MoTI); Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy (MoWIE); Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission (EFCCC); Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority (EWCA); and Ministry of Women, Children and Youth (MoWCY).

This target (NBT 3) is included in the strategic plans of major sectors of the country that are involved in the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and fair and equitable sharing of benefits accrued from access and benefit sharing of genetic resources of Ethiopia such as EBI, EWCA, EFCCC, MoWIE, RHLIs and MoA.

EN

National Biodiversity Target (NBT) -04 By 2020, habitat conversion due to expansion of agricultural land is halved from the existing rate of about 10% per year.

Habitat conversion is one of the major factors of biodiversity loss in Ethiopia. Rising demands for food and other agricultural products, as a major factors, have resulted in conversion of natural habitats into agricultural lands; and economic, demographic and social pressures have been putting further pressure on habitats. Therefore, there is an urgent need to decrease the rate of land conversion. Projections have indicated, for example, that unless appropriate measures are in place to change the traditional development path, an area of 9 million ha of land might be deforested for agricultural purposes between 2010 and 2030. Over the same period, annual fuel wood consumption will rise by 65%, leading to additional forest degradation to generate more than 22 million tonnes of woody biomass. Moreover, both federal and regional government policies and laws have been passive regarding wetland protection. To reverse these scenarios result, there is an urgent need to prevent the loss of these ecosystems.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
5. Loss of habitats
 
7. Areas under sustainable management
Relevant documents and information

Based on Decision X/2 of Conference of the Parties (COP), Ethiopia revised its NBSAP 2015-2020 in a participatory manner with full involvement of stakeholders. Besides, basic requirements from the implementing agency (United Nations Environment Programme), project funding mechanism (Global Environment Facility) and the government of Ethiopia (Ministry of Finance, the then Ministry of Finance and Economic Development) were fulfilled.

Parallel to the above, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, as a Focal Point to the Convection on Biological Diversity, organized an ad hoc Expert Group to develop Annual Work Plans (AWP) for the NBSAP revision period.

During the revision process, appraisal data were collected from respective stakeholders such as regional and federal research and, higher learning institutions, line ministries/institutions, NGOs, senior private experts and private sectors. The collected data were analyzed and stocktaking report was produced that was subject to consecutive stakeholder evaluations.

Similarly, National Project Steering Committee (NPSC) that oversees overall activities of the NBSAP revision and a Technical Team (TT) that would be involved in stocktaking and synthesizing stocktaking report, drafting national targets, developing the actions, the action plan and devising implementation arrangements to the revised NBSAP were established. Accordingly, the NPSC members from 10 key stakeholder institutions conducted its first meeting on 22nd June 2012 and approved the AWP, and institutional and technical composition of the TT members.

Twenty four TT members who were nominated from seven stakeholder institutions took the stock at federal and regional levels, and compiled national stocktaking report and prepared draft National Biodiversity Strategy. The draft National Biodiversity Strategy was presented at a series of National Stakeholders Workshops. After incorporating the feedbacks, the enriched NBSAP containing 18 targets, 42 indicators and 58 actions was produced. Finally, the Strategic document was endorsed by the government and submitted to the SCBD.

The revised Ethiopian NBSAP 2015-2020 is in line with 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets of the Global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The implementation of the NBSAP is led by nine lead institutions, namely: Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Ministry of Education, Plan and Development Commission, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy, Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission, Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority and Ministry of Women, Children and Youth.

This target (NBT 4) is included in the strategic plans of major sectors of the country that are involved in the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and fair and equitable sharing of benefits accrued from access and benefit sharing of genetic resources of Ethiopia such as Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority, Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission; Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Innovation and Technology, and Ministry of Trade and Industry.

EN

National Biodiversity Target (NBT) -05 By 2020, unsustainable utilization of biodiversity and ecosystem services are reduced

Unsustainable utilization of biological resources is one of the major threats to biodiversity in Ethiopia; contributing to degradation of rangelands, forest ecosystems, wetlands and aquatic ecosystems. Therefore, sustainable land and water resource management is required to achieve biodiversity conservation and ensure sustainability of ecosystem services.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
6. Sustainable fisheries
 
7. Areas under sustainable management
8. Pollution
Relevant documents and information

Based on Decision X/2 of Conference of the Parties (COP), Ethiopia revised its NBSAP 2015-2020 in a participatory manner with full involvement of stakeholders. Besides, basic requirements from the implementing agency (United Nations Environment Programme), project funding mechanism (Global Environment Facility) and the government of Ethiopia (Ministry of Finance, the then Ministry of Finance and Economic Development) were fulfilled.

Parallel to the above, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, as a Focal Point to the Convection on Biological Diversity, organized an ad hoc Expert Group to develop Annual Work Plans (AWP) for the NBSAP revision period.

During the revision process, appraisal data were collected from respective stakeholders such as regional and federal research and, higher learning institutions, line ministries/institutions, NGOs, senior private experts and private sectors. The collected data were analyzed and stocktaking report was produced that was subject to consecutive stakeholder evaluations.

Similarly, National Project Steering Committee (NPSC) that oversees overall activities of the NBSAP revision and a Technical Team (TT) that would be involved in stocktaking and synthesizing stocktaking report, drafting national targets, developing the actions, the action plan and devising implementation arrangements to the revised NBSAP were established. Accordingly, the NPSC members from 10 key stakeholder institutions conducted its first meeting on 22nd June 2012 and approved the AWP, and institutional and technical composition of the TT members.

Twenty four TT members who were nominated from seven stakeholder institutions took the stock at federal and regional levels, and compiled national stocktaking report and prepared draft National Biodiversity Strategy. The draft National Biodiversity Strategy was presented at a series of National Stakeholders Workshops. After incorporating the feedbacks, the enriched NBSAP containing 18 targets, 42 indicators and 58 actions was produced. Finally, the Strategic document was endorsed by the government and submitted to the SCBD.

The revised Ethiopian NBSAP 2015-2020 is in line with 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets of the Global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The implementation of the NBSAP is led by nine lead institutions, namely: Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Ministry of Education, Plan and Development Commission, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy, Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission, Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority and Ministry of Women, Children and Youth.

This target (NBT 5) is included in the strategic plans of major sectors of the country that are involved, as appropriate, in the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and fair and equitable sharing of benefits accrued from access and benefit sharing of genetic resources of Ethiopia such as EBI, EWCA, EFCCC, MoWIE,  MoA, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) and Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Institute (EEFRI) .

EN

National Biodiversity Target (NBT) -06 By 2020, the area invaded by invasive species is reduced by 75% and measures are in place to regulate and monitor invasive species, including newly emerging ones

Invasive species are threats to biodiversity and ecosystem services. Since they are spreading rapidly into agro-ecosystems, aquatic ecosystems and rangelands of Ethiopia, they caused loss of biodiversity, reductions in crop, fish and forage yields. As a consequence, they are displacing indigenous species. Though complete data on the extent of the damages is lacking, their impact on food security, livelihoods, and human and animal health is evident. Hence, they need to be controlled and eventually eradicated.


EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
9. Invasive Alien Species
Relevant documents and information

Based on Decision X/2 of Conference of the Parties (COP), Ethiopia revised its NBSAP 2015-2020 in a participatory manner with full involvement of stakeholders. Besides, basic requirements from the implementing agency (United Nations Environment Programme), project funding mechanism (Global Environment Facility) and the government of Ethiopia (Ministry of Finance, the then Ministry of Finance and Economic Development) were fulfilled.

Parallel to the above, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, as a Focal Point to the Convection on Biological Diversity, organized an ad hoc Expert Group to develop Annual Work Plans (AWP) for the NBSAP revision period.

During the revision process, appraisal data were collected from respective stakeholders such as regional and federal research and, higher learning institutions, line ministries/institutions, NGOs, senior private experts and private sectors. The collected data were analyzed and stocktaking report was produced that was subject to consecutive stakeholder evaluations.

Similarly, National Project Steering Committee (NPSC) that oversees overall activities of the NBSAP revision and a Technical Team (TT) that would be involved in stocktaking and synthesizing stocktaking report, drafting national targets, developing the actions, the action plan and devising implementation arrangements to the revised NBSAP were established. Accordingly, the NPSC members from 10 key stakeholder institutions conducted its first meeting on 22nd June 2012 and approved the AWP, and institutional and technical composition of the TT members.

Twenty four TT members who were nominated from seven stakeholder institutions took the stock at federal and regional levels, and compiled national stocktaking report and prepared draft National Biodiversity Strategy. The draft National Biodiversity Strategy was presented at a series of National Stakeholders Workshops. After incorporating the feedbacks, the enriched NBSAP containing 18 targets, 42 indicators and 58 actions was produced. Finally, the Strategic document was endorsed by the government and submitted to the SCBD.

The revised Ethiopian NBSAP 2015-2020 is in line with 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets of the Global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The implementation of the NBSAP is led by nine lead institutions, namely: Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Ministry of Education, Plan and Development Commission, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy, Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission, Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority and Ministry of Women, Children and Youth.

This target  (NBT 6) is included in the strategic plans of major sectors of the country including the EBI, EWCA, EFCCC, MoWIE, EIAR, EEFRI, HLs and MoA that are involved in the conservation, sustainable use of biodiversity and maintenance of ecosystem services.


EN

National Biodiversity Target (NBT) -07 By 2020, area coverage of ecologically representative and effectively managed PAs is increased from 14% to 20%

Well governed and effectively managed protected areas (PAs) are proven methods for safeguarding both habitats and populations of species and for delivering important ecosystem services. About 14% of the country’s area is designated as PAs. However, most the PAs do not have legal status, and are inadequately protected and this is more pronounced on wetlands and water bodies. There is a need to increase the coverage of PAs, with due attention to their ecosystem representation as well as effectiveness in terms of management. Lack of law enforcement, facility and infrastructure, absence of networks between PAs and wildlife corridors, poor coordination, and weak capacity and low awareness at different levels are some of the problems that need to be addressed in this target. Economic valuation on PAs is another issue that needs to be addressed to realize the target.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
11. Protected areas
Relevant documents and information

Based on Decision X/2 of Conference of the Parties (COP), Ethiopia revised its NBSAP 2015-2020 in a participatory manner with full involvement of stakeholders. Besides, basic requirements from the implementing agency (United Nations Environment Programme), project funding mechanism (Global Environment Facility) and the government of Ethiopia (Ministry of Finance, the then Ministry of Finance and Economic Development) were fulfilled.

Parallel to the above, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, as a Focal Point to the Convection on Biological Diversity, organized an ad hoc Expert Group to develop Annual Work Plans (AWP) for the NBSAP revision period.

During the revision process, appraisal data were collected from respective stakeholders such as regional and federal research and, higher learning institutions, line ministries/institutions, NGOs, senior private experts and private sectors. The collected data were analyzed and stocktaking report was produced that was subject to consecutive stakeholder evaluations.

Similarly, National Project Steering Committee (NPSC) that oversees overall activities of the NBSAP revision and a Technical Team (TT) that would be involved in stocktaking and synthesizing stocktaking report, drafting national targets, developing the actions, the action plan and devising implementation arrangements to the revised NBSAP were established. Accordingly, the NPSC members from 10 key stakeholder institutions conducted its first meeting on 22nd June 2012 and approved the AWP, and institutional and technical composition of the TT members.

Twenty four TT members who were nominated from seven stakeholder institutions took the stock at federal and regional levels, and compiled national stocktaking report and prepared draft National Biodiversity Strategy. The draft National Biodiversity Strategy was presented at a series of National Stakeholders Workshops. After incorporating the feedbacks, the enriched NBSAP containing 18 targets, 42 indicators and 58 actions was produced. Finally, the Strategic document was endorsed by the government and submitted to the SCBD.

The revised Ethiopian NBSAP 2015-2020 is in line with 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets of the Global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The implementation of the NBSAP is led by nine lead institutions, namely: Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Ministry of Education, Plan and Development Commission, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy, Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission, Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority and Ministry of Women, Children and Youth.

This target is included in the strategic plans of major sectors of the country that are involved in the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and fair and equitable sharing of benefits accrued from access and benefit sharing of genetic resources of Ethiopia such as Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority, Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission, Higher learning institutions, and Ministry of Agriculture.

EN

National Biodiversity Target (NBT) -08 By 2020, ex situ conservation of agro-biodiversity, wild plants, animals and microbes; with special emphasis on endemic, endangered, economically or ecologically important species and breeds is increased and standards of the existing ex situ conservation are improved

The diversity of crops and their wild relatives, animals, forest and rangeland plants and microbial genetic resources have been contributing to national economy and local livelihood improvements of Ethiopian communities. However, they are declining due to direct and indirect pressures. In the face of climate change and outbreaks of emerging diseases and pests, conserving these resources provides future food security options for the country. The ex situ conservation activities are inadequate and encountering different management problems. Thus, strengthening the ex situ conservation of agro-biodiversity, forest and range land plants, animals and microbes; with special emphasis on endemic, endangered and economically or ecologically important species and breeds is the emphasis of the target.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
12. Preventing extinctions
 
13. Agricultural biodiversity
Relevant documents and information

Based on Decision X/2 of Conference of the Parties (COP), Ethiopia revised its NBSAP 2015-2020 in a participatory manner with full involvement of stakeholders. Besides, basic requirements from the implementing agency (United Nations Environment Programme), project funding mechanism (Global Environment Facility) and the government of Ethiopia (Ministry of Finance, the then Ministry of Finance and Economic Development) were fulfilled.

Parallel to the above, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, as a Focal Point to the Convection on Biological Diversity, organized an ad hoc Expert Group to develop Annual Work Plans (AWP) for the NBSAP revision period.

During the revision process, appraisal data were collected from respective stakeholders such as regional and federal research and, higher learning institutions, line ministries/institutions, NGOs, senior private experts and private sectors. The collected data were analyzed and stocktaking report was produced that was subject to consecutive stakeholder evaluations.

Similarly, National Project Steering Committee (NPSC) that oversees overall activities of the NBSAP revision and a Technical Team (TT) that would be involved in stocktaking and synthesizing stocktaking report, drafting national targets, developing the actions, the action plan and devising implementation arrangements to the revised NBSAP were established. Accordingly, the NPSC members from 10 key stakeholder institutions conducted its first meeting on 22nd June 2012 and approved the AWP, and institutional and technical composition of the TT members.

Twenty four TT members who were nominated from seven stakeholder institutions took the stock at federal and regional levels, and compiled national stocktaking report and prepared draft National Biodiversity Strategy. The draft National Biodiversity Strategy was presented at a series of National Stakeholders Workshops. After incorporating the feedbacks, the enriched NBSAP containing 18 targets, 42 indicators and 58 actions was produced. Finally, the Strategic document was endorsed by the government and submitted to the SCBD.

The revised Ethiopian NBSAP 2015-2020 is in line with 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets of the Global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The implementation of the NBSAP is led by nine lead institutions, namely: Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Ministry of Education, Plan and Development Commission, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy, Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission, Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority and Ministry of Women, Children and Youth.

EN

National Biodiversity Target (NBT) -09 By 2020, in situ conservation sites for important species and breeds are increased and the standard of the existing in situ conservation are improved

The diversity of crops and their wild relatives, animals, forest and rangeland plants and microbial genetic resources have been contributing to national economy and local livelihood improvements of the communities. However, they are declining due to direct and indirect pressures. In the face of climate change and outbreaks of emerging diseases and pests, conserving these resources provides future food security options for the country. The in situ conservation activities are inadequate and encountering different management problems. Thus, strengthening the in situ conservation of agro-biodiversity, forest and range land plants, animals and microbes; with special emphasis on endemic, endangered and economically or ecologically important species and breeds is the emphasis of the target.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
12. Preventing extinctions
 
13. Agricultural biodiversity
Relevant documents and information

Based on Decision X/2 of Conference of the Parties (COP), Ethiopia revised its NBSAP 2015-2020 in a participatory manner with full involvement of stakeholders. Besides, basic requirements from the implementing agency (United Nations Environment Programme), project funding mechanism (Global Environment Facility) and the government of Ethiopia (Ministry of Finance, the then Ministry of Finance and Economic Development) were fulfilled.

Parallel to the above, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, as a Focal Point to the Convection on Biological Diversity, organized an ad hoc Expert Group to develop Annual Work Plans (AWP) for the NBSAP revision period.

During the revision process, appraisal data were collected from respective stakeholders such as regional and federal research and, higher learning institutions, line ministries/institutions, NGOs, senior private experts and private sectors. The collected data were analyzed and stocktaking report was produced that was subject to consecutive stakeholder evaluations.

Similarly, National Project Steering Committee (NPSC) that oversees overall activities of the NBSAP revision and a Technical Team (TT) that would be involved in stocktaking and synthesizing stocktaking report, drafting national targets, developing the actions, the action plan and devising implementation arrangements to the revised NBSAP were established. Accordingly, the NPSC members from 10 key stakeholder institutions conducted its first meeting on 22nd June 2012 and approved the AWP, and institutional and technical composition of the TT members.

Twenty four TT members who were nominated from seven stakeholder institutions took the stock at federal and regional levels, and compiled national stocktaking report and prepared draft National Biodiversity Strategy. The draft National Biodiversity Strategy was presented at a series of National Stakeholders Workshops. After incorporating the feedbacks, the enriched NBSAP containing 18 targets, 42 indicators and 58 actions was produced. Finally, the Strategic document was endorsed by the government and submitted to the SCBD.

The revised Ethiopian NBSAP 2015-2020 is in line with 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets of the Global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The implementation of the NBSAP is led by nine lead institutions, namely: Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Ministry of Education, Plan and Development Commission, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy, Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission, Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority and Ministry of Women, Children and Youth.

EN

National Biodiversity Target (NBT) -10 By 2020, the contribution of biodiversity and ecosystem services, including climate change adaptation and mitigation, is improved through increasing forest cover from 15% to 20% of the country, increased designated total area of wetlands from 4.5% to 9.0% and doubling the area of restored degraded lands

Conservation, restoration and sustainable utilization of forests and rangeland plants, woodlands, wetlands and other ecosystems are the means to sequester carbon dioxide and reduce the effect of greenhouse gases. Therefore, maintaining these ecosystems helps to ensure the continuation of carbon sequestration as well as many other ecosystem services. Restored ecosystems can have improved resilience and can contribute to climate change adaptation and generate additional benefits for the people, in particular local communities.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
12. Preventing extinctions
 
14. Essential ecosystem services
15. Ecosystem resilience
Relevant documents and information

Based on Decision X/2 of Conference of the Parties (COP), Ethiopia revised its NBSAP 2015-2020 in a participatory manner with full involvement of stakeholders. Besides, basic requirements from the implementing agency (United Nations Environment Programme), project funding mechanism (Global Environment Facility) and the government of Ethiopia (Ministry of Finance, the then Ministry of Finance and Economic Development) were fulfilled.

Parallel to the above, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, as a Focal Point to the Convection on Biological Diversity, organized an ad hoc Expert Group to develop Annual Work Plans (AWP) for the NBSAP revision period.

During the revision process, appraisal data were collected from respective stakeholders such as regional and federal research and, higher learning institutions, line ministries/institutions, NGOs, senior private experts and private sectors. The collected data were analyzed and stocktaking report was produced that was subject to consecutive stakeholder evaluations.

Similarly, National Project Steering Committee (NPSC) that oversees overall activities of the NBSAP revision and a Technical Team (TT) that would be involved in stocktaking and synthesizing stocktaking report, drafting national targets, developing the actions, the action plan and devising implementation arrangements to the revised NBSAP were established. Accordingly, the NPSC members from 10 key stakeholder institutions conducted its first meeting on 22nd June 2012 and approved the AWP, and institutional and technical composition of the TT members.

Twenty four TT members who were nominated from seven stakeholder institutions took the stock at federal and regional levels, and compiled national stocktaking report and prepared draft National Biodiversity Strategy. The draft National Biodiversity Strategy was presented at a series of National Stakeholders Workshops. After incorporating the feedbacks, the enriched NBSAP containing 18 targets, 42 indicators and 58 actions was produced. Finally, the Strategic document was endorsed by the government and submitted to the SCBD.

The revised Ethiopian NBSAP 2015-2020 is in line with 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets of the Global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The implementation of the NBSAP is led by nine lead institutions, namely: Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Ministry of Education, Plan and Development Commission, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy, Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission, Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority and Ministry of Women, Children and Youth.

This target is included in the strategic plans of major sectors of the country that are involved in the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and fair and equitable sharing of benefits accrued from access and benefit sharing of genetic resources of Ethiopia such as Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority, Environment, Forest and Climate change Commission, and Ministry of Agriculture.

EN

National Biodiversity Target (NBT) -11 By 2020, the number of genetic materials accessed for research and development, and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their use are increased by 24% and 39%, respectively

The concept of Access to Genetic Resources and Fair and Equitable-sharing of Benefits arising from their use (ABS) emerged during the negotiations on the Convention on Biological Diversity in Rio de Janairo, 1992. Due to limited capacity and lack of effective enforcement and follow-up mechanisms on the ABS, the government of Ethiopia and the local communities have not been adequately benefited from access to their genetic resources. This has contributed to the degradation of the country’s biodiversity. Therefore, concerted efforts are required to maximize benefits from access to potential genetic materials.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
16. Nagoya Protocol on ABS
Relevant documents and information

Based on Decision X/2 of Conference of the Parties (COP), Ethiopia revised its NBSAP 2015-2020 in a participatory manner with full involvement of stakeholders. Besides, basic requirements from the implementing agency (United Nations Environment Programme), project funding mechanism (Global Environment Facility) and the government of Ethiopia (Ministry of Finance, the then Ministry of Finance and Economic Development) were fulfilled.

Parallel to the above, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, as a Focal Point to the Convection on Biological Diversity, organized an ad hoc Expert Group to develop Annual Work Plans (AWP) for the NBSAP revision period.

During the revision process, appraisal data were collected from respective stakeholders such as regional and federal research and, higher learning institutions, line ministries/institutions, NGOs, senior private experts and private sectors. The collected data were analyzed and stocktaking report was produced that was subject to consecutive stakeholder evaluations.

Similarly, National Project Steering Committee (NPSC) that oversees overall activities of the NBSAP revision and a Technical Team (TT) that would be involved in stocktaking and synthesizing stocktaking report, drafting national targets, developing the actions, the action plan and devising implementation arrangements to the revised NBSAP were established. Accordingly, the NPSC members from 10 key stakeholder institutions conducted its first meeting on 22nd June 2012 and approved the AWP, and institutional and technical composition of the TT members.

Twenty four TT members who were nominated from seven stakeholder institutions took the stock at federal and regional levels, and compiled national stocktaking report and prepared draft National Biodiversity Strategy. The draft National Biodiversity Strategy was presented at a series of National Stakeholders Workshops. After incorporating the feedbacks, the enriched NBSAP containing 18 targets, 42 indicators and 58 actions was produced. Finally, the Strategic document was endorsed by the government and submitted to the SCBD.

The revised Ethiopian NBSAP 2015-2020 is in line with 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets of the Global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The implementation of the NBSAP is led by nine lead institutions, namely: Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Ministry of Education, Plan and Development Commission, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy, Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission, Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority and Ministry of Women, Children and Youth.

This target is included in the strategic plans of major sectors of the country that are involved in the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and fair and equitable sharing of benefits accrued from access and benefit sharing of genetic resources of Ethiopia such as Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Environment, Forest and Climate change Commission, Ministry of Finance, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, higher learning institutions, Ethiopian Intellectual Property Office, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Customs and Revenue, National postal Service, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Peace and Ministry of Agriculture.

EN

National Biodiversity Target (NBT) -12 By 2020, women’s access to and control over biodiversity resources and ecosystem services are improved

The government of Ethiopia doesn’t discriminate citizens on the basis of gender, but in practice gender imbalance exists in areas of biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. Biodiversity conservation cannot be sustained without the involvement of different sectors of the societies. Women are the primary conservers and promoters of biodiversity. However, they don’t have equal rights with their men counterparts in using what they have conserved. There is also lack of clear guideline that helps to mainstream gender into biodiversity conservation and management.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
14. Essential ecosystem services
Relevant documents and information

Based on Decision X/2 of Conference of the Parties (COP), Ethiopia revised its NBSAP 2015-2020 in a participatory manner with full involvement of stakeholders. Besides, basic requirements from the implementing agency (United Nations Environment Programme), project funding mechanism (Global Environment Facility) and the government of Ethiopia (Ministry of Finance, the then Ministry of Finance and Economic Development) were fulfilled.

Parallel to the above, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, as a Focal Point to the Convection on Biological Diversity, organized an ad hoc Expert Group to develop Annual Work Plans (AWP) for the NBSAP revision period.

During the revision process, appraisal data were collected from respective stakeholders such as regional and federal research and, higher learning institutions, line ministries/institutions, NGOs, senior private experts and private sectors. The collected data were analyzed and stocktaking report was produced that was subject to consecutive stakeholder evaluations.

Similarly, National Project Steering Committee (NPSC) that oversees overall activities of the NBSAP revision and a Technical Team (TT) that would be involved in stocktaking and synthesizing stocktaking report, drafting national targets, developing the actions, the action plan and devising implementation arrangements to the revised NBSAP were established. Accordingly, the NPSC members from 10 key stakeholder institutions conducted its first meeting on 22nd June 2012 and approved the AWP, and institutional and technical composition of the TT members.

Twenty four TT members who were nominated from seven stakeholder institutions took the stock at federal and regional levels, and compiled national stocktaking report and prepared draft National Biodiversity Strategy. The draft National Biodiversity Strategy was presented at a series of National Stakeholders Workshops. After incorporating the feedbacks, the enriched NBSAP containing 18 targets, 42 indicators and 58 actions was produced. Finally, the Strategic document was endorsed by the government and submitted to the SCBD.

The revised Ethiopian NBSAP 2015-2020 is in line with 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets of the Global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The implementation of the NBSAP is led by nine lead institutions, namely: Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Ministry of Education, Plan and Development Commission, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy, Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission, Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority and Ministry of Women, Children and Youth.

This target is included in the strategic plans of major sectors of the country that are involved in the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and fair and equitable sharing of benefits accrued from access and benefit sharing of genetic resources of Ethiopia such as Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Environment, Forest and Climate change Commission, Ministry of Women, Children and Youth, Central Statistics Agency, and Ministry of Agriculture.

EN

National Biodiversity Target (NBT) -13 By 2018, benefits from biodiversity are increased through value addition to at least 12 agro-biodiversity species and products, and creating market linkages for five species of medicinal plants; taking into account the needs of women and local communities

Smallholders and pastoralists are custodians of biodiversity. Nevertheless, biodiversity is in danger of disappearing. Finding niche markets for selected species and their products is one possible way of ensuring the survival of biodiversity and enabling people who conserve them to earn more. These can be achieved through searching local, national and international markets and enhancing information on the marketing channels to increase the value of genetic resources. Although value addition and finding niche markets have been initiated for some agro-biodiversity, most communities have not yet been benefited. Thus, value addition and finding niche markets will be strengthened.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
16. Nagoya Protocol on ABS
 
19. Biodiversity knowledge