Sixth National Report
Section I. Information on the targets being pursued at the national level
By 2016, the MoEnv strategy and its executive program are developed and operational. ()
It is critical for the ministry of environment to develop its strategy and executive program to set directions and establish priorities in order to achieve a common goal. In addition, it will help to simplify decision making, drive alignment and communicate the message which will create and maximize opportunities for the plan success.
National Reports from stockholders and recommendations from NBC.
By 2016, the National Biodiversity Committee (NBC) is the prime governance mechanism for biodiversity. ()
The National Biodiversity Committee was established based on a cabinet decision aiming to support the ministry in the development of policies, strategies and action plans related to biodiversity conservation in Jordan. Therefore, this target was set to strengthen the role and mandate of the NBC of Jordan to act more effectively and support decision making process in all related topics to the biodiversity conservation of Jordan.
By 2017, the new environment protection law is endorsed and effective. ()
Since several gaps were highlighted in the environmental protection law number 52 of 2006 especially the sections related to waste management, pollution, water, desertification and biodiversity. A new environmental protection law was developed through a participatory approach with various stakeholders. Therefore, it is necessary to follow-up the enforcement of the new law in order to support the conservation efforts of ecosystems, habitats and species in the future. Also, the enforcement of this law will support the national biodiversity and action plan implementation.
The National Biodiversity Committee of Jordan engaged effectively in the development of the new environmental law, where several articles on biodiversity conservation were added to the original text of the previous law. In addition, in-depth discussions were conducted with various stakeholders from different affiliations and the Ministry of Environment responsible team to make more focus on biodiversity-related articles.
By 2016, the new structure of the Nature Conservation Directorate of MoEnv is effective. ()
The nature conservation directorate at the ministry of environment is composed of three major sections which are the biodiversity conservation, water and marine and the desertification sections. Despite the good structure, yet lacks in human and financial resources exists. A comprehensive review will support better planning and budgeting, identify gaps, raise skills and expertise which in accordance will support effective implementation of NBSAP.
The Ministry of Environmental has conducted a retreat to in articular reviewing the ministry structure "including the Nature Conservation Directorate" with the presence of key stakeholders.
By 2020, a participative biodiversity planning protocol is developed and adopted nationally. ()
In order to follow-up the progress made by the NBSAP partners; it is necessary to establish a planning protocol which aims to track progress of the implementation and report accordingly. In addition, the existence of such a protocol will help to develop the next report, especially if all information is collected on a continuous base.
By 2015, a national biodiversity financing strategy is developed and adopted by the Cabinet ()
A financial strategy is required to scale up the biodiversity outcomes. Thus, a careful design is required which has to adopt different mechanisms including raising additional revenue, mainstreaming biodiversity in the production and consumption landscape and reducing the cost of achieving biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. This strategy has to be adopted by the cabinet to ensure the flow of finance to biodiversity related projects, initiatives and activities.
By 2015, a national awareness program for the NBSAP is developed and operational. ()
Awareness is a critical step to communicate with the public and different stakeholders on the NBSAP and the importance of conserving biodiversity. A major step which is required is to endorse the NBSAP by the cabinet which is considered part of raising the awareness of decision makers.
By 2016, a sustainable national tourism strategy is finalized, adopted and implemented. ()
The tourism industry is growing in Jordan, and represents one of the main sectors in the national economy. The Convention on Biological Diversity lays out 20 clear targets to safeguard biodiversity and enhance its benefits for all, and sustainable tourism can help meet at least 12 of them. Thus, it is important to integrate the articles and action plan of the NBSAP into tourism sector, and raise the profile of eco-tourism and economic growth.
The review has been completed though Mainstreaming Biodiversity Conservation in the Tourism Sector Development in Jordan (BITS) Project and participation of RSCN.
A series of reports were developed and presented in a national workshops for decisions makers through Mainstreaming Biodiversity Conservation in the Tourism Sector Development in Jordan (BITS) Project.
The Government of Jordan has committed to developing a National Green Growth Plan (NGGP) that is in line with national objectives of economic, social and environmental performance. The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) is partnering with the Ministry of Environment (MoEnv) to support the development of the NGGP. The sustainable tourism is a important component of the (NGG).
Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities (MoTA) has established "Green Tourism Function" within the Ministry. The unit is acting as facilitator for green tourism development in Jordan.
Key stakeholders are playing important role in advising the Ministry of Environment in the development of the NGGP. There is also cooperation between MoTA and different stakeholders in the development of the green tourism program.
By 2020, a national strategy for forest conservation and sustainable use is developed and effective. ()
Despite the existence knowledge about forests in Jordan, but still no comprehensive inventory occurred which illustrate the percentages, coverage, ecosystem based approach for forests and forests dynamic in Jordan. In addition, due to the increasing threats on forests and the limited areas, a comprehensive review of the legal mechanisms to protect forests are needed. Therefore, this target was set for the importance of conserving forests in Jordan.
By 2016, national strategy for rangeland development and managements developed and effective ()
Jordan’s witnessed an increasing numbers of livestock’s due to political issues in the surrounding countries, which add more burdens on the existing rangelands. Moreover, the knowledge and information about rangelands species is still weak and has to be enhanced, which highlights the necessity for a comprehensive rangeland strategy.
By 2016, renewable energy and mining strategies are reviewed and biodiversity safeguards adopted and enforced. ()
A growing interest in renewable energy resources is observed, especially after the commitment of the Government of Jordan toward renewable energy plans for 2020. Therefore, regulations have to be developed to ensure conserving species, ecosystems and habitats. In addition, mining is considered a critical threat especially for protected areas, and special conservation areas integrity. Thus, a careful consideration for the mining issue and its effects on biodiversity should be taken into consideration.
By 2016, sustainable coastal zone development master-plan developed and implemented ()
Aqaba is considered the only coastal area in Jordan, with a limited coastline of 27Km. however, it contains important ecosystems, habitats and species but are under threats of the increasing conflicts over the available resources. Therefore, an integrated coastal zone plan has to be developed in order to establish the regulatory frameworks which govern the management of coastal areas in Aqaba.
Key Documents: 1) State of the Coastal Environment, Report for Aqaba, 2016 (ASEZA),
Wildlife hunting impacts on terrestrial fauna minimized and wildlife utilization sustainable. ()
Hunting is considered a major threat in Jordan, which affected the presence of several species and lead to the extension of many more. Therefore, it is important to understand the key game species status, review current regulations and develop a comprehensive awareness program which aims to conserve nature, biodiversity and ecosystems.
Regional political conflicts impacts on biodiversity are understood, and national response advocated ()
Jordan beheld a huge number of refugees due to political issues in the surrounding countries. However, no assessment have been made to understand the impact of refugees on biodiversity and habitats. Therefore, this target was set to develop the knowledge and awareness toward the effects of refugees on biodiversity and set guidelines to mitigate their effects.
By 2015, a national program on the implementation of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety is effective. ()
It is important to develop and adopt a bylaw for Cartagena protocol and raise the awareness at a national level.
By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is nationally adopted. ()
It is important to develop and adopt a bylaw for access to genetic resources and the traditional knowledge associated with in accordance to three main laws which are: i) the Environment Protection Law Number 6 for the year 2017, ii) the Agricultural law Number 13 of the year 2015 and the law of the Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority Number 32 for the year 2000. This bylaw shall aim to ensure national control over genetic resources in accordance with relevant National and International Law, and ensure the conservation and sustainable use of the biochemical and genetic resources.
By 2016, national climate change adaptation strategy and action plan is developed and implemented including mainstreaming of biodiversity and ecosystems ()
Biodiversity support effectively to sustain climate and minimize the impact of climate change. Thus, it is necessary to understand the impact of climate change impacts on biodiversity, and identify the resilience of ecosystems and habitats. Thus, this target was developed to raise the national capacities on climate change adaptation and its linkages with biodiversity conservation.
Jordan's Third National Communication on climate Change (2014), includes a vulnerability and Adaptation assessment for biodiversity sector and ecosystems over Jordan. The assessment identified vulnerable ecosystems in Jordan but there is no detailed vulnerability assessment targeting specific ecosystems.
By 2017, a centralized national environment information system (JEIS) is established and operational ()
National initiatives on biodiversity information systems harmonized and integrated in the national context is necessary to understand the state of biodiversity. In addition, a series of scientific research protocols on biodiversity research shall be developed and updated on a continuous base.
Nominate focal points from the various stockholders and implement the training program to raise the skills and knowledge of the involved stakeholders