PDF

Sixth National Report

submitted on: 14 Feb 2019   last updated: 29 May 2019

Section I. Information on the targets being pursued at the national level

Poland

Objective A: Improvement of the knowledge level and increase in activity of the society with regard to protection of biological diversity

The aim is to implement Aichi Target 1, which assumes that by 2020, people will be aware of the value of biodiversity and the steps they can take to protect it and use it in a sustainable way. In the context of Poland, it is necessary to continue activities aimed at raising awareness regarding the importance of biodiversity for humans and their living conditions. Despite visible progress in this area since the implementation of the National Strategy for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity, along with the Action Program for 2007-2013, the percentage of Polish citizens who knows and understands the concept of “biodiversity" was at a relatively low level of 35 % in 2014. Therefore, it was advisable to undertake activities aimed at developing knowledge about natural resources, increasing social activity for nature conservation, and developing skills in making decisions affecting biodiversity. These activities will allow better use of opportunities for sustainable development of areas with high natural value ​​by local communities.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
1. Awareness of biodiversity values
19. Biodiversity knowledge
 
2. Integration of biodiversity values
18. Traditional knowledge
Relevant documents and information

The objective was developed by a working group in the Ministry of the Environment dealing with preparation of The programme of conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity along with Action Plan for the period 2015-2020 (NBSAP). During the next stage, the objective was agreed upon with other ministries and consulted with the public, as part of the standard law-making process in Poland, and was subsequently approved by the Council of Ministers.

EN

Objective B: Improvement of nature protection system

All of the most valuable and endangered species, natural habitats, ecosystems, landscape areas and its fragments, should be protected within the borders of protected areas in a manner representative of their range and geographical diversity. Thus, it is necessary to revise national law in terms of the manner of appointing new protected areas, but also the rules for the functioning of landscape parks and protected landscape areas, especially in the context of strengthening the role of ecological corridors and increasing emphasis on the protection of landscape values. Without these changes, it is difficult to effectively protect land and water ecological links between protected areas. In order to effectively protect biodiversity, it is also necessary to strengthen the management system of protected areas in line with new tasks.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
5. Loss of habitats
6. Sustainable fisheries
7. Areas under sustainable management
9. Invasive Alien Species
20. Resource mobilization
 
1. Awareness of biodiversity values
2. Integration of biodiversity values
3. Incentives
4. Use of natural resources
6. Sustainable fisheries
7. Areas under sustainable management
8. Pollution
9. Invasive Alien Species
10. Vulnerable ecosystems
13. Agricultural biodiversity
15. Ecosystem resilience
16. Nagoya Protocol on ABS
17. NBSAPs
18. Traditional knowledge
19. Biodiversity knowledge
Relevant documents and information

The objective was developed by a working group in the Ministry of the Environment dealing with preparation of The programme of conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity along with Action Plan for the period 2015-2020 (NBSAP). During the next stage, the objective was agreed upon with other ministries and consulted with the public, as part of the standard law-making process in Poland, and was subsequently approved by the Council of Ministers.

EN

Objective C: Preservation and restoration of natural habitats and population of endangered species

Preservation and restoration of species richness and their habitats is a priority task both in the national policy of nature conservation, as well as at the level of the European Union and the entire globe. Despite actions taken for many years, the process of the declining population of endangered species has not been able to be stopped. One of the reasons for these failures, apart from the deepening anthropogenic and natural threats, is the low ecological effect of the activities carried out so far. It may result from their excessive fragmentation and dispersion, as well as the lack of their continuation. Species protection in Poland requires supplementing the state of knowledge on the distribution of natural resources, ordering the issue of obtaining animals from the wild state, and increasing the efficiency of the protected species management system, including populations of protected species causing damage to the economy.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
2. Integration of biodiversity values
4. Use of natural resources
5. Loss of habitats
7. Areas under sustainable management
11. Protected areas
12. Preventing extinctions
17. NBSAPs
 
1. Awareness of biodiversity values
14. Essential ecosystem services
15. Ecosystem resilience
18. Traditional knowledge
Relevant documents and information

The objective was developed by a working group in the Ministry of the Environment dealing with preparation of The programme of conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity along with Action Plan for the period 2015-2020 (NBSAP). During the next stage, the objective was agreed upon with other ministries and consulted with the public, as part of the standard law-making process in Poland, and was subsequently approved by the Council of Ministers.

EN

Objective D: Maintenance and reconstruction of functions of ecosystems being the source of services for human

The issue of maintaining and restoring ecosystem functioning is a new priority of the EU biodiversity conservation strategy for the period up to 2020, which is implemented throughout the country, and is based on assessment of the condition of ecosystems and their services resulting from the functions performed by ecosystems. This requires development of a valuation system for ecosystem services and the inclusion of these values in strategy development, system planning, national accounting systems and reporting. Biodiversity is recognised as a factor that determines social and economic development, and therefore will be perceived differently by society. Including the value of ecosystem services in national decision-making processes will allow for an appropriate assessment of the extent of possible loss of biodiversity, applying compromise solutions, and improvement of the coordination of activities between various sectors and levels of administration.

EN
Level of application
Regional / Multilateral
European Union
EN
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
2. Integration of biodiversity values
15. Ecosystem resilience
 
12. Preventing extinctions
14. Essential ecosystem services
Relevant documents and information

The objective was developed by a working group in the Ministry of the Environment dealing with preparation of The programme of conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity along with Action Plan for the period 2015-2020 (NBSAP). During the next stage, the objective was agreed upon with other ministries and consulted with the public, as part of the standard law-making process in Poland, and was subsequently approved by the Council of Ministers.

EN

Objective E: Increasing integration of operations of the economy sectors with the biodiversity protection targets

Eliminating the causes of the loss of biodiversity resources, resulting from social and economic activities, requires a coherent policy and the integration of biodiversity into the mainstream of the whole sphere of the state's activity. In particular, this applies to sectors such as agriculture, forestry, fishery, and water management, which directly and indirectly affect the state of biodiversity resources. Mobilization of economic sectors for the protection of biodiversity involves active inclusion of activities aimed at limiting threats to biodiversity to sectoral strategies and programs, adjusting legislative instruments, providing adequate financial resources for their implementation, effective compensation of losses (environmental compensation), and increasing the efficiency of operations and compliance monitoring. Actions should also be taken regarding social communication, education, and raising public awareness of environmental norms and standards applicable in a given sector of the economy.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
3. Incentives
5. Loss of habitats
6. Sustainable fisheries
7. Areas under sustainable management
8. Pollution
13. Agricultural biodiversity
18. Traditional knowledge
20. Resource mobilization
 
1. Awareness of biodiversity values
4. Use of natural resources
9. Invasive Alien Species
12. Preventing extinctions
14. Essential ecosystem services
Relevant documents and information

The objective was developed by a working group in the Ministry of the Environment dealing with preparation of The programme of conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity along with Action Plan for the period 2015-2020 (NBSAP). During the next stage, the objective was agreed upon with other ministries and consulted with the public, as part of the standard law-making process in Poland, and was subsequently approved by the Council of Ministers.

EN

Objective F: Limitation of hazards resulting from climate changes and pressure of invasive species

The impact of climate change on biodiversity applies not only to individual species, but also to entire ecosystems. Climate change is associated with an increased pressure of stressors, which may result in a violation of the existing relationships between species and may have a destabilizing influence on ecosystems. In order to limit and mitigate the effects of climate change, it is first necessary to examine the impact of changing climatic factors on ecosystems, and second, based on the collected knowledge, develop and take actions to minimize their negative impact. Invasive species pose a significant and rapidly growing threat to native biodiversity in Europe and in Poland, among others, as a derivative of climate change. Developing and implementing mechanisms to effectively prevent their harmful impact is an EU priority. To this end, appropriate strategies were developed and regulations requiring implementation in our country were adopted. It is connected with the need for constant monitoring of the populations of invasive species and simultaneously improving methods of their eradication. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and implement an effective monitoring system taking into account areas particularly exposed to invasions. The next stage is the construction and implementation of a system of legal and procedural solutions enabling the elimination of invasive species, and taking into account rational priorities, which are balanced in terms of cost-effectiveness.

EN
Level of application
Regional / Multilateral
European Union
EN
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
1. Awareness of biodiversity values
2. Integration of biodiversity values
4. Use of natural resources
19. Biodiversity knowledge
 
10. Vulnerable ecosystems
15. Ecosystem resilience
Relevant documents and information

The objective was developed by a working group in the Ministry of the Environment dealing with preparation of The programme of conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity along with Action Plan for the period 2015-2020 (NBSAP). During the next stage, the objective was agreed upon with other ministries and consulted with the public, as part of the standard law-making process in Poland, and was subsequently approved by the Council of Ministers.

EN

Objective G: Increase in Poland's participation in the international forum with regard to protection of biodiversity

Poland, due to its significant natural resources on the European scale, age-old tradition, and important research centres, should play a greater role than it currently does on the international forum in the field of biodiversity conservation. Efforts should be made to strengthen Poland's influence on solving global problems in this area, by playing a greater role in international institutions, and through greater involvement of experts from Poland in the work of these institutions. It is advisable to initiate, conduct, or support scientific research and conservation activities in countries with a weaker economy and a high level of biodiversity- particularly in those from which Poland uses natural resources. It is very important to increase the institutional capacity to implement and enforce international law regarding trade of endangered species and products created based on these species (e.g. exotic wood) in a way that will not lead to the impoverishment of biodiversity resources in the world.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
16. Nagoya Protocol on ABS
 
4. Use of natural resources
5. Loss of habitats
12. Preventing extinctions
19. Biodiversity knowledge
Relevant documents and information

The objective was developed by a working group in the Ministry of the Environment dealing with preparation of The programme of conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity along with Action Plan for the period 2015-2020 (NBSAP). During the next stage, the objective was agreed upon with other ministries and consulted with the public, as part of the standard law-making process in Poland, and was subsequently approved by the Council of Ministers.

EN

Section II. Implementation measures, their effectiveness, and associated obstacles and scientific and technical needs to achieve national targets

1. Construction of tools and development of the nature inventory bank's resource

The implementation of this task is based on the project, "Inventory of Valuable Natural Habitats of the Country, Species Occurring Within Them, and Creation of the Data Bank of Natural Resources." The project is being implemented under the 2014-2020 Operational Program of Infrastructure and Environment (POIŚ), Measure 2.4 Nature Conservation and Environmental Education, and was planned for the years 2017-2022. The main objective of the project is to eliminate gaps in the process of managing natural resources in the country, by eliminating the issues of a lack of full information on nature, and the lack of a system for collecting, analysing, and sharing current updates of spatial data of nature.

The planned effects of the project are:

  • Completed knowledge of nature regarding the distribution of habitats and species, and the state of their preservation (field surveys) in planning documents and other diagnosed needs;
  • Development of an IT system - Data Bank of Natural Resources, collecting the results of environmental inventories in the country;
  • Preparation of the methodology with instructions for conducting inventory and environmental monitoring, using modern remote and remote-sensing methods;
  • Development of a spatial data standard in accordance with the requirements of Directive 2007/2/EC (INSPIRE), for the needs of the Data Bank of Natural Resources information system.

During the project, data harmonization and the construction of an IT tool (database) began. It is planned to introduce 500 000 records into the Data Bank of Natural Resources at the end of project implementation, i.e. by December 31, 2022.

It is worth emphasizing that activities aimed at supplementing the state of knowledge about the value of natural areas are carried out by regional units as a result of implementation of various types of projects or natural studies (e.g. implemented by the Regional Directorate for Environmental Protection in Warsaw, the project, "Supplementing the State of Knowledge about the Subject of Protection in Natura 2000 Sites- Inventory of Habitats and Species”; "Protection of the European Hamster Cricetus Cricetus in the Southern Part of the Masovian Voivodeship. Stage I- Inventory”).
EN
Objective A: Improvement of the knowledge level and increase in activity of the society with regard to protection of biological diversity
Unknown

The indicator used for the task is the number of records in the nature inventory bank. The indicator value cannot be determined because the data entry phase has not yet been reached. Nevertheless, work on the project is proceeding accordingly.

EN

Obstacles:

  • Inventories concern selected groups of organisms only in areas covered by the Natura 2000 network or in its vicinity.
  • Regarding access to data of nature, there is a lack of bilateral integration with GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility).
  • According to the presented assumptions, the project does not provide for full, continuous, and multidirectional exchange and updating of data, which may affect the durability of the project's effect.
  • Descriptions of the Data Bank provide the basis for considering that the data set will be complete. Unfortunately, due to the spatial aspect (covering only Natura 2000 sites), a large amount of natural data will not be included in the database.
  • Some of representatives of the science community and non-governmental organizations are not open to sharing knowledge and results of nature observations.
  • Considerable fragmentation of files on nature observations in the country results in difficult integration and problems with data exchange.

    Scientific and Technical Needs:

    Not determined


    EN

    2. Expansion of the Central Register of Forms of Nature Protection and increase in interoperability with other reference databases

    As a result of the operation, the Central Register of Forms of Nature Protection was updated and supplemented, and the scope of the spatial data presented in it was expanded. Harmonization of the data set concerning protected areas with other reference collections serving the implementation of environmental policy in the European Union under Directive 2007/2 / EC (INSPIRE), was also carried out. Improvement of interoperability with other databases was based on source collections functioning within the framework of the State Environmental Monitoring, including the field of bird monitoring, monitoring of species and natural habitats, forest monitoring and integrated monitoring of the natural environment.

    EN
    Objective A: Improvement of the knowledge level and increase in activity of the society with regard to protection of biological diversity
    Measure taken has been effective

    The indicator used for the task is the number of collections with which harmonization was carried out under INSPIRE. In the reporting period, 1 data set concerning protected areas was harmonized. The second indicator is the number of objects/records in the Central Register of Forms of Nature Protection (CRFOP). CRFOP records data in accordance with technical requirements at the European level, designated by the INSPIRE Directive. The number of records in the analysed register in June 2018 was about 42 thousand (the database is updated daily).

    EN

    3. Expansion and maintenance of condition of database resources ensuring up-to-date information under subsystem of nature and waters monitoring of environment monitoring program

    Action was implemented by establishing the following monitoring subsystems:

    1. Monitoring of species and natural habitats

    Since 2016, work has been underway on the implementation of the Monitoring System for Species and Natural Habitats (SI MGSP). The system is to be the main and reliable source of information in the scope of results of monitoring plant species, animal species, and natural habitats. Work on SI MGSP will be completed in 2019.

    2.    Monitoring of Polish Birds (MPP)

    The Monitoring of Birds of Poland— Database and the internet service were maintained and updated regularly www.monitoringptakow.gios.gov.pl, providing access to information on monitoring programs and the ability to download results in the following formats: *.pdf and *.csv. The database has been expanded by 3 new monitoring sub-programs and with new structures enabling the collection of raw data collected during field inspections. A "workflow" application for collecting field data and an interactive PM-GIS map (Geographic Information System Map Portal) was implemented, presenting MPP results, and enabling them to be downloaded in .pdf and .csv formats.

    3.    Monitoring of marine species and habitats

    In 2017, work on the construction and implementation of the Monitoring System of Marine Species and Habitats (SI MGiSM) was completed. It is currently the main source of information on the State Environmental Monitoring regarding the results of monitoring marine species and marine habitats covered by the EU Habitats Directive.

    4.    Forest monitoring The system of assessing the forest environment and health condition of forest stands was maintained based on continuous or periodic observations and measurements of selected indicators on permanent observation plots.

    5.    Integrated Monitoring of the Natural Environment

    Integrated Monitoring of the Natural Environment was conducted, whose basic function is to collect data within individual measurement programs concerning, among others, surface waters, flora and vegetation of the representative basin, structure and dynamics of vegetation, degree of damage to trees and forest stands, arboreal epiphytes, epigeic fauna, i.e. small invertebrates inhabiting the soil surface, ecosystem services.

    6.    Monitoring of water quality

    As part of the monitoring of water quality, groundwater and surface water were examined. The assessment of the state of surface water consists of ecological status or ecological potential and chemical status. The basis for the assessment of ecological status are so-called biological elements. In this respect, the data to be collected for assessment includes data on aquatic organisms: phytoplankton, phytobenthos diatoms, macroglones, macrophytes, benthic macro-invertebrates, and fish. Physicochemical and hydromorphological elements are also examined but have a supporting role.

    7.    Drought Monitoring System in Poland (SMSR)

    The website is run by the Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation- National Research Institute (IUNG-PIB) commissioned by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. The system is designed to identify areas where losses have been potentially caused by drought conditions for crops, which are included in the Act for subsidies to insurance for agricultural crops and farm animals in Poland.

    8.    Monitoring of river ichthyofauna

    On the request of the Chief Inspectorate for Environmental Protection in the years 2014-2016 and from August 2017, the Inland Fisheries Institute implements projects in the field of monitoring river ichthyofauna. Within their framework, data on the occurrence of fish in Polish rivers and information on the historical and current occurrence of bi-environmental species is collected.

    EN
    Objective A: Improvement of the knowledge level and increase in activity of the society with regard to protection of biological diversity
    Measure taken has been effective

    The indicator used for the task is the number of collections made available through Geoportal. This value was 53 collections. Additional indicators for the task are the number of information services and the number of databases. The number of information services is 8, and the number of databases is 6.

    EN

    Obstacles:

    Not determined

    Scientific and technical needs:

    The need to create a convenient panel for the exchange of knowledge between monitoring carried out as part of the State Monitoring of the Environment, and monitoring and inventories carried out, for example, in connection with the monitoring of Natura 2000 sites and other protected areas and species.

    EN

    4. Trainings of judges and prosecutors with regard to interpretation and enforcement of legal regulations relating to protection and use of biodiversity

    This task is carried out as part of the LIFE15 project GIE/PL/000758 entitled, "You Have the Right to Effective Protection of Nature,” whose goals include:
    • Increasing knowledge and awareness on the subject of legal protection of nature through reaching out with activities and the effects of the project to prosecutors and judges;
    • Increased effectiveness of law enforcement in the field of crimes and offences against nature protection.

    Until now, as part of the training planned in the project, a free e-learning course, "Nature Protection in Law and Practice,” has been made available. The course contains basic information on legal regulations in the field of nature protection, and competencies of bodies and institutions taking part in it, and discusses the possibility of engaging society in activities for the benefit of legal nature protection in Poland. The course is available, among others, on the website of the National School of Judiciary and Public Prosecution.

    EN
    Objective A: Improvement of the knowledge level and increase in activity of the society with regard to protection of biological diversity
    Unknown

    The indicator used for the task is the number and percentage of people who have completed training in relation to staff specializing in crimes related to nature protection. This data is not available because the number of prosecutors and judges specializing in nature protection crimes is unknown.

    EN

    5. Trainings of services, including the Police, Border Guard and Customs Services, in the scope of interpretation and enforcement of legal regulations regarding protection and use of biodiversity

    This task is implemented, among others, as part of the LIFE15 project GIE/PL/000758 entitled, "You Have the Right to Effective Protection of Nature,” whose goals include:

    • Increasing knowledge and awareness on the subject of legal protection of nature, through reaching out with activities and the effects of the project to law enforcement agencies;
    • Increased effectiveness of law enforcement in the field of crimes and offences against nature protection.

    Until now, as part of the trainings planned in the project, a free e-learning course, "Nature Protection in Law and Practice,” has been made available. The course contains basic information on legal regulations in the field of nature protection, competencies of bodies and institutions taking part in it, and also discusses the possibility of engaging society in activities for the benefit of legal nature protection in Poland.

    Moreover, in the implementation of EU regulations regarding the Washington Convention (CITES), workshops and trainings are conducted for the services responsible for enforcing the above-mentioned regulations (Customs and Tax Service and Police). These activities are initiated by non-governmental organizations carrying out projects in the field of CITES implementation, and by the concerned services.

    The Border Guard, in cooperation with, among others, representatives of State Forests, the National Revenue Administration, district veterinary doctors, and inspectors of the Regional Maritime Fisheries Inspectorate, implemented the following training projects:

    1.        Protection of forest areas;

    2.        Forest damage: laws of the criminal code, the code of offences, legalization of logging, forest terminology;

    3.        Legal aspects of running a hunting economy in forest areas;

    4.        Prevention and response to forest littering;

    5.        Prevention of the spread of African Swine Fever (ASF);

    6.        Epizootic situations regarding ASF;

    7.      Securing timber against its illegal removal from forest and illegal trade. Examples of wood security includes marking of wood after its cutting and the types of documents required for legal trade of wood;

    8.        CITES – protection of endangered animal and plant species;

    9.        Legislation and regulations regarding sea fishing. Protection of the marine environment;

    10.      Interpretation of the regulations contained in the content of Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 of 22 December 2004 on the protection of animals during transport and related activities, and amending Directives 64/432/EEC and 93/119/EC and Regulation (EC) No. 1255/97.

    EN
    Objective A: Improvement of the knowledge level and increase in activity of the society with regard to protection of biological diversity
    Measure taken has been effective

    The indicator used for the task is the number and percentage of people who have completed training in relation to the staff of respective services specializing in crimes related to nature protection. Due to limited data, this indicator can only be calculated for the Police and Border Guard in relation to the training carried out as part of the project, "You Have the Right to Effective Protection of Nature.” Of the 98 Border Guard officers specializing in this type of crime, 52 people completed relevant training (53%), whereas of the 4 273 Police officers specializing in crimes concerning nature protection, 2 444 completed training (57%).

    EN

    In 2017, the Chamber of Revenue Administration in Rzeszów, in cooperation with the Ministry of Finance, organized a nationwide specialized training for officers and employees of the National Revenue Administration, addressing the protection of endangered species and protected under CITES. During the workshops, experienced veterinarians, leading the Rehabilitation Center for Protected Animals, discussed examples of handling captured animals, with particular emphasis on bears, drawing attention to the health and safety rules applicable to seized specimens of protected species. Workshop participants also had the opportunity to practically reinforce their knowledge of legal regulations and specimen control rules of CITES at a nearby Polish-Ukrainian border crossing. The next part of the workshop was conducted there and enabled increasing knowledge in the area of ​​preparatory proceedings in the field of illegal trade market of endangered species, taking into account substantive and procedural law.

    Only in 2016, officers during customs control prevented the introduction of over 8 500 protected species to the illegal trade market, of which were 4 700 live animals, 3 700 specimens of Asian medications, and 47 kg of reef-forming corals.

    EN

    Obstacles:

    • Limited financial possibilities;
    • There are no opportunities for external training in the above-mentioned field.

    Scientific and technical needs:

    • Development and publication of guides, training materials for use by the above-mentioned services.
    EN

    6. Trainings of public administration officials involved in issuing decisions affecting biodiversity resources

    The leading authority for this action is the General Directorate for Environmental Protection, which conducted a total of 83 trainings in the field of issuing decisions related to environmental impact assessment process and affecting biodiversity resources in the reporting period. Moreover, trainings for public administration officials are run by non-governmental institutions as part of projects co-financed from operational programs.

    EN
    Objective A: Improvement of the knowledge level and increase in activity of the society with regard to protection of biological diversity
    Measure taken has been effective

    The indicator used for the task is the number and percentage of people who have completed the training, in relation to the personnel specializing in issuing decisions related to environmental impact assessment process. 3 081 people participated in the training carried out by the General Directorate for Environmental Protection. Data on the number of employees specializing in issuing environmental decisions is not available, thus it is impossible to determine which part of the staff completed the training.

    EN

    Example of a training project:

    The project, "Nationwide Support Program for Municipalities and Counties in the Field of Nature Protection Management,” implemented by the National Association of Initiatives, assumes the implementation of active environmental education. It concerns the protection of biodiversity in the field of environmental management and planning of protective measures, with particular emphasis on the development of planning instruments and promotion of good practices in the field of nature protection management. The task includes organization of 105 nationwide educational panels entitled, "Prospects, Opportunities, and the Potential of Municipalities in Nature Protection Management" for a total of approximately 2 100 representatives of local government units. It is estimated that the total number of recipients of the project will be about 82 700 people from all over Poland. The project is co-financed by the European Union under the Operational Program Infrastructure and Environment, and co-financed by the National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management.

    EN

    Obstacles:

    • The lack of a continuous, repeatable training system for new employees, who would acquire the knowledge passed on during previous training courses.

    Scientific and technical needs:

    • Introduction of central training courses for new employees, which could promote the unification of knowledge and minimize the risk of passing erroneous interpretation of the law.
    EN

    7. Trainings of services responsible for management of water resources, related to the protection of biodiversity

    In the reporting period, the National Water Management of Polish Waters (PGW WP), which is responsible for the management of national water resources, as part of a project on the patency of the ecological corridor of the valleys of the Wisłoka and Biała Tarnowska rivers, conducted training for its employees in the restoration of river habitats. Moreover, non-governmental organizations conduct training for services responsible for managing water resources in the field of biodiversity protection.

    EN
    Objective A: Improvement of the knowledge level and increase in activity of the society with regard to protection of biological diversity
    Measure taken has been effective

    The indicator for the task is the number of people who have completed the training. The number of participants of trainings organized by the PGW WP in the reporting period was 170.

    EN

    Example of a training project:

    The Ecological Foundation, "Green Arka" implements the project entitled, "Cooperation of Stakeholders for Adaptation to Climate Change Through Small Retention and Protection of Biodiversity.” Its aim is to increase knowledge and integration of stakeholders with the greatest impact on activities in the field of adaptation to climate change, through the use of small retention to renew water resources and restore the balance of the natural environment. The project is directed to entities at the provincial level, who are responsible for water management and protection of biodiversity, as well as local government decision-makers, local organizations, and local communities. It is to enable cooperation, the transfer of good practices, and to mobilize stakeholders for adaptation activities both at the regional and local level. The project is financed from the funds of the Operational Program Infrastructure and Environment 2014-2020.

    EN

    Obstacles:

    • Too few specialists for conducting training and practical national experiences.

    Scientific and technical needs:

    Not determined

    EN

    8. Preparation of principles and implementation of volunteering for biodiversity protection

    The rules regarding volunteering for biodiversity were not formally developed during the reporting period. However, action was carried out by the National Parks and by non-governmental organizations.

    EN
    Objective A: Improvement of the knowledge level and increase in activity of the society with regard to protection of biological diversity
    Unknown

    The indicator for the task is the number of volunteer centres established and the number of volunteers per year. The number of volunteers is known in 22 National Parks from 01/01/2014, which amounted to 3 088.

    EN

    For many years, Poland’s so-called “Blue Patrol,” has been active with approximately 200 volunteers. These volunteers are regularly trained by the WWF. Their activities in the field of permanent patrolling of sea coasts should be considered very effective, as they result in not only obtaining data on mainly mammals and sea birds, but also a number of successful interventions in the field of seal rescue have been accomplished.

    EN

    Obstacles:

    ·         No funds for organizing volunteering in national parks;

    ·         Limited accommodation options in national parks;

    ·         Lack of interest in cooperation from the university;

    ·         Complicated laws related to volunteering;

    ·         Little interest in volunteering, especially in office work;

    ·         Short periods of declared volunteering (an average of 2 weeks);

    ·         Engaging full-time employees for coordinating volunteer services;

    ·         Lack of skills and knowledge of volunteers associated with, for example, nature inventory.

    Scientific and technical needs:

    Creating an accommodation infrastructure for volunteers.

    EN

    9. Preparation and implementation of the concept of local partnership focused on protection of natural and cultural heritage

    The main form of the task implementation was the project, "Nature and Economy- The Basis of Dialogue" implemented by the General Directorate for Environmental Protection under the Operational Program  Infrastructure and Environment (POIŚ), Measure 5.4- Shaping Social Attitudes Conducive to Environmental Protection, Including Biodiversity. It consisted of the creation of so-called “Natural Partnerships” in each province, which initiated dialogue and cooperation between local entrepreneurs, business environment institutions, as well as local government units and central administration in selected Natura 2000 sites. The initiative of Natural Partnerships serves to develop communication, exchange experiences, inform and educate entrepreneurs in the field of conducting business in Natura 2000 sites, while maintaining the principles of sustainable development.

    EN
    Objective A: Improvement of the knowledge level and increase in activity of the society with regard to protection of biological diversity
    Measure taken has been effective

    The indicator used for the task is the number of local partnerships established. It was impossible to accurately determine the value of the indicator. As part of the "Nature and Economy- Basis for Dialogue" project, 15 local partnerships were established. Moreover, 10% of the surveyed municipalities declared that they were involved in the development of the concept and/or in the implementation of local partnership aimed at the protection of natural and cultural heritage. Other leading-edge institutions for the task were declared by the following numbers of established partnerships: 20- General Directorate for Environmental Protection, 80- regional directorates for environmental protection, 14- non-associated landscape parks, 34- landscape parks teams.

    EN

    In 6 Natura 2000 sites, the Pomeranian Nature Partnership was established in the Pomeranian Voivodeship. It was attended by 15 enterprises and 8 other entities, i.e. local government units, non-governmental organizations, farmers, and a university. The objectives of the partnership were:

    ·         Determining the needs and awareness of the participants of the Pomeranian Nature Partnership in the field of ecology, as well as convincing them of the possibility to run business in Natura 2000 sites without harming the environment or even using its assets;

    ·         Determination of economic resources in the areas covered by the Pomeranian Nature Partnership, raising the level of human capital resources in the field of entrepreneurship in individual companies, awareness of the legitimacy of implementing corporate social responsibility;

    ·         Promoting knowledge on the subject of sustainable development in an economic, environmental, and social context, the origins of Natura 2000 sites, and the legitimacy of existing operations or the development (establishment, appointment) of new protected areas, i.e. national parks, nature reserves, and others;

    ·         Permanent operation of the Pomeranian Nature Partnership based on contacts established with entrepreneurs and local governments during implementation of the project, leading to the expansion of the scale of potential participants of the Pomeranian Nature Partnership.

    Activities carried out under the partnership included:

    ·         Conducting interactive training; creation of consultation points with the participation of experts from various sectors, in the form of external consultations;

    ·         Communication in the local press, radio, or TV devoted to the implementation of the project;

    ·         Promotion of environment-friendly construction and tourism projects in Natura 2000 sites, including the preparation of offers containing information for potential investors-entrepreneurs on legal basis related to running business within Natura 2000 sites;

    ·         Providing practical tips for planning and implementation of the investment process;

    ·         Study visits to places of good practice;

    ·         Training and workshop meetings with experts in the field of Natura 2000 and environmental impact assessment.

    EN

    Obstacles:

    ·         Staff shortages in the leading institutions for the task;

    ·         Conflict of interests between local development, preferred by local government units, and nature protection in their area, including the treatment of nature conservation as a factor hampering regional development;

    ·         Lack of funds;

    ·         Lack of sufficient knowledge about establishing partnerships;

    ·         Insufficient amount of competition that could enable co-financing for the implementation of tasks;

    ·         Procedures discouraging potential partners, in particular from the private sector, to engage in the subject of partnership with state institutions.

    Scientific and technical needs:

    None

    EN

    10. Implementation of educational programmes and campaigns for the society in order to increase their awareness on implemented objectives related to biological diversity