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Sixth National Report

  published: 25 Dec 2018

Section I. Information on the targets being pursued at the national level

Japan

The National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan 2012-2020/National Target A-1 / Have a diverse array of actors such as governments, local municipalities, businesses, private organizations and citizens recognize the importance of the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and autonomously reflect this in their respective actions, thereby achieving the “mainstreaming of biodiversity across society” and reducing the fundamental causes of biodiversity loss through actions taken by diverse actors, by 2020 at the latest.

 Mainstreaming biodiversity among all actors has been set as a national target for Strategic Goal A “Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss” in the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
1. Awareness of biodiversity values
People are aware of the values of biodiversity
People are aware of the steps they can take to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity
2. Integration of biodiversity values
Biodiversity values integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies
Biodiversity values integrated into national and local planning processes
Biodiversity values incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate
Biodiversity values incorporated into reporting systems
3. Incentives
Incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity, eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to minimize of avoid negative impacts
Positive incentives for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity developed and applied
4. Use of natural resources
Have kept the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits
Relevant documents and information

Based on Article 6 of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Article 11 of the Basic Act on Biodiversity, the National Biodiversity Strategy was published as a national basic plan on biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. Following the Aichi Biodiversity Targets that have been adopted in the 10th Conference of the Parties (COP 10) to the CBD in October 2010, national targets are set to achieve the targets and to be included in National Biodiversity Strategy 2012-2020. The Strategy was endorsed by the Cabinet as of January 27, 2012, after a series of due processes including hearings from various stakeholders such as academics and experts, NGOs working for conservation, dissemination and advocacy, local governments, and related governmental organizations, deliberations by the Central Environment Council, a council comprising external experts, and call for public comments.

EN

National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan 2012-2020 / National Target B-1 / Significantly reduce the rate of loss of natural habitats, as well as their degradation and fragmentation, by 2020.

•    Significantly reducing the rate of loss of natural habitats, as well as their degradation and fragmentation has been set as a national target for Strategic Goal B “Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use” in the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
5. Loss of habitats
The rate of loss of forests is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero
The loss of all habitats is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero
Degradation and fragmentation are significantly reduced
Relevant documents and information

•    Based on Article 6 of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Article 11 of the Basic Act on Biodiversity, the National Biodiversity Strategy was published as a national basic plan on biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. Following the Aichi Biodiversity Targets that have been adopted in the 10th Conference of the Parties (COP 10) to the CBD in October 2010, national targets are set to achieve the targets and to be included in National Biodiversity Strategy 2012-2020. The Strategy was endorsed by the Cabinet as of January 27, 2012, after a series of due processes including hearings from various stakeholders such as academics and experts, NGOs working for conservation, dissemination and advocacy, local governments, and related governmental organizations, deliberations by the Central Environment Council, a council comprising external experts, and call for public comments.

EN

National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan 2012-2020 / National Target B-2 / Engage in agriculture, forestry, and fisheries that ensure the conservation of biodiversity in a sustainable manner by 2020.

•    Sustainable implementation of agriculture, forestry, and fisheries while ensuring biodiversity conservation has been set as a national target for Strategic Goal B “Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use” in the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
6. Sustainable fisheries
All fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches
Recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species
Fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems
The impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits, i.e. overfishing avoided
7. Areas under sustainable management
Areas under agriculture are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity
Areas under aquaculture are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity
Areas under forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity
Relevant documents and information

•    Based on Article 6 of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Article 11 of the Basic Act on Biodiversity, the National Biodiversity Strategy was published as a national basic plan on biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. Following the Aichi Biodiversity Targets that have been adopted in the 10th Conference of the Parties (COP 10) to the CBD in October 2010, national targets are set to achieve the targets and to be included in National Biodiversity Strategy 2012-2020. The Strategy was endorsed by the Cabinet as of January 27, 2012, after a series of due processes including hearings from various stakeholders such as academics and experts, NGOs working for conservation, dissemination and advocacy, local governments, and related governmental organizations, deliberations by the Central Environment Council, a council comprising external experts, and call for public comments.

EN

The National biodiversity Strategy of Japan 2012-2020 / National Target B-3 / Maintain the water quality and habitat environments desirable for the conservation of aquatic organisms, increasing biological productivity, and sustainable use while continuing to improve the state of contamination from nitrogen and phosphorous by 2020. When it comes to water areas with a highly closed off nature—such as lakes, and deeply indented bays—(hereinafter referred to as “closed water areas”) in particular, promote policies in mountainous areas, agricultural villages and the outskirts of urban areas, and urban areas that focus on the river basin in their entirety based upon the unique characteristics of each of these regions in a comprehensive and prioritized manner.

•    Maintenance of the water quality and habitat environments desirable for sustainable use has been set as a national target for Strategic Goal B “Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use” in the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
8. Pollution
Pollutants (of all types) has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity
Pollution from excess nutrients has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity
Relevant documents and information

•    Based on Article 6 of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Article 11 of the Basic Act on Biodiversity, the National Biodiversity Strategy was published as a national basic plan on biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. Following the Aichi Biodiversity Targets that have been adopted in the 10th Conference of the Parties (COP 10) to the CBD in October 2010, national targets are set to achieve the targets and to be included in National Biodiversity Strategy 2012-2020. The Strategy was endorsed by the Cabinet as of January 27, 2012, after a series of due processes including hearings from various stakeholders such as academics and experts, NGOs working for conservation, dissemination and advocacy, local governments, and related governmental organizations, deliberations by the Central Environment Council, a council comprising external experts, and call for public comments.

EN

The National biodiversity Strategy of Japan 2012-2020 / National Target B-4 / Identify invasive alien species and organize information pertaining to the routes by which they establish themselves based upon the results of examinations of the enforcement status for the Invasive Alien Species Act by 2020. In addition, lay out the order of priority for eradicating these invasive alien species, and on the basis of this apportion out appropriate roles to each of the major actors regarding their eradication and proceed with eradicating them in a systematic manner. Promote a restoration of the habitation status of rare species and restore ecosystems to their original state by controlling or exterminating high priority species through such efforts. What is more, call the attention of related actors to the management of the routes by which invasive alien species become established in order to prevent their introduction or establishment, and promote countermeasures by examining more effective border control measures.

  •    Controlling or eradicating highly prioritized alien species, along with examining more effective border control measures has been set as a national target for Strategic Goal B “Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote their sustainable use” in the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
9. Invasive Alien Species
Invasive alien species identified and prioritized
Pathways identified and prioritized
Priority species controlled or eradicated
Introduction and establishment of invasive alien species prevented
Relevant documents and information

•    Based on Article 6 of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Article 11 of the Basic Act on Biodiversity, the National Biodiversity Strategy was published as a national basic plan on biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. Following the Aichi Biodiversity Targets that have been adopted in the 10th Conference of the Parties (COP 10) to the CBD in October 2010, national targets are set to achieve the targets and to be included in National Biodiversity Strategy 2012-2020. The Strategy was endorsed by the Cabinet as of January 27, 2012, after a series of due processes including hearings from various stakeholders such as academics and experts, NGOs working for conservation, dissemination and advocacy, local governments, and related governmental organizations, deliberations by the Central Environment Council, a council comprising external experts, and call for public comments.

EN

National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan 2012-2020 / National Target B-5 / Promote initiatives for minimizing human-induced pressures that cause ecosystems to deteriorate in order to maintain the soundness and functionality of ecosystems that are vulnerable to climate change, such as coral reefs, seagrass and seaweed beds, tidal flats, islands, alpine and subalpine areas by 2015.

•    Promoting measures to be taken to minimize human-induced pressures that deteriorate ecosystems, for the purpose of maintaining the soundness and functions of the ecosystem that are vulnerable to climate change, has been set as a national target for Strategic Goal B “Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote their sustainable use” in the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
10. Vulnerable ecosystems
Multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning
Multiple anthropogenic pressures on other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning
Relevant documents and information

•    Based on Article 6 of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Article 11 of the Basic Act on Biodiversity, the National Biodiversity Strategy was published as a national basic plan on biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. Following the Aichi Biodiversity Targets that have been adopted in the 10th Conference of the Parties (COP 10) to the CBD in October 2010, national targets are set to achieve the targets and to be included in National Biodiversity Strategy 2012-2020. The Strategy was endorsed by the Cabinet as of January 27, 2012, after a series of due processes including hearings from various stakeholders such as academics and experts, NGOs working for conservation, dissemination and advocacy, local governments, and related governmental organizations, deliberations by the Central Environment Council, a council comprising external experts, and call for public comments.

EN

National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan 2012-2020 / National Target C-1 / Appropriately conserve and manage at least 17% of inland areas and inland water areas, and at least 10% of coastal areas and ocean areas, by 2020.

•    Appropriately conserving and managing at least 17% of inland areas and inland water areas, and at least 10% of coastal areas and marine areas has been set as a national target for Strategic Goal C “Improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity” in the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
11. Protected areas
At least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water areas are protected.
At least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas are protected
Areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services protected
Protected areas are ecologically representative
Protected areas are effectively and equitably managed
Protected areas are well connected and integrated into the wider landscape and seascape
Relevant documents and information

•    Based on Article 6 of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Article 11 of the Basic Act on Biodiversity, the National Biodiversity Strategy was published as a national basic plan on biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. Following the Aichi Biodiversity Targets that have been adopted in the 10th Conference of the Parties (COP 10) to the CBD in October 2010, national targets are set to achieve the targets and to be included in National Biodiversity Strategy 2012-2020. The Strategy was endorsed by the Cabinet as of January 27, 2012, after a series of due processes including hearings from various stakeholders such as academics and experts, NGOs working for conservation, dissemination and advocacy, local governments, and related governmental organizations, deliberations by the Central Environment Council, a council comprising external experts, and call for public comments.

EN

National Biodiversity Strategy 2012-2020 / National Target C-2 / Maintain a situation in the 2012 version of the Ministry of the Environment’s Red List in which no new extinct species (EX) appear (excluding species that are not found over an extended period of time for which a determination will be made over a span of 50 years or more) among the threatened species that are already known about, as well as preventing the population decrease for the known threatened species. For threatened IA species (CR) or threatened I species (CR/EN), which are the species in the greatest danger of going extinct, increase the number of species that will see their rank fall through a variety of initiatives compared to the Ministry of the Environment’s 2012 Red List by 2020. Such initiatives include setting in place habitat bases by means of promoting sustainable agriculture, forestry, and fisheries that take the proactive conservation of species and biodiversity into consideration. In addition, maintain the genetic diversity of crops, livestock animals, and wild species that are closely related to them, including those species that are valuable in a socioeconomic or cultural sense, by 2020.

•    Increasing the number of threatened species that are transferred to a category of lower threat in the Red List, as well as maintaining genetic diversity of crops and livestock animals has been set as a national target for Strategic Goal C “Improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity” in the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
12. Preventing extinctions
Extinction of known threatened species has been prevented
The conservation status of those species most in decline has been improved and sustained
13. Agricultural biodiversity
The genetic diversity of cultivated plants is maintained
The genetic diversity of farmed and domesticated animals is maintained
The genetic diversity of wild relatives is maintained
The genetic diversity of socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species is maintained
Strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding genetic diversity
Relevant documents and information

•    Based on Article 6 of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Article 11 of the Basic Act on Biodiversity, the National Biodiversity Strategy was published as a national basic plan on biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. Following the Aichi Biodiversity Targets that have been adopted in the 10th Conference of the Parties (COP_10) to the CBD in October 2010, national targets are set to achieve the targets and to be included in National Biodiversity Strategy 2012-2020. The Strategy was endorsed by the Cabinet as of January 27, 2012, after a series of due processes including hearings from various stakeholders such as academics and experts, NGOs working for conservation, dissemination and advocacy, local governments, and related governmental organizations, deliberations by the Central Environment Council, a council comprising external experts, and call for public comments.

EN

National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan 2012-2020 / National Target: D-1 / Strengthen the benefits received from biodiversity and ecosystem services in Japan and elsewhere by giving consideration to the needs of women and local communities through the conservation and restoration of ecosystems by 2020. Carry out initiatives for each species with an awareness of the importance of the sustainable use of natural resources found in Satochi-Satoyama (socio-ecological production landscapes) areas in particular.

•    The ecosystem conservation and restoration has been set as a national target for Strategic Goal D “Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services” in the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
14. Essential ecosystem services
Ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded
Taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable