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Sixth National Report

  published:21 Dec 2018

Section I. Information on the targets being pursued at the national level

South Africa

By 2028, in protected areas: 10.8m land-based hectares, 353km inshore, 210 000km2 marine offshore in SA’s EEZ plus 93 300 km2 marine offshore in Prince Edward Islands EEZ.

To ensure increase in land mass and inshore and offshore marine area under formal conservation and ensure that South Africa’s protected area network is of sufficient size to sustain biodiversity and ecological processes, as well as representivity. To conserve and protect South Africa’s coastal environment and ensure sustainable socio-economic benefits from the environment.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
5. Loss of habitats
11. Protected areas
 
12. Preventing extinctions
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 1 Management of biodiversity assets and their contribution to the economy, rural development, job creation and social wellbeing is enhanced; Outcome 1.1: The network of protected areas and conservation areas includes a representative sample of ecosystems and species, and is coherent and effectively managed. The target was adapted from the draft National Protected Area Expansion Strategy (NPEAS 2016). The NPAES targets were aimed at sustaining biodiversity and ecological processes as well as representivity in a highly bio-diverse country, rather than relying on externally-motivated percentage targets. The national targets therefore exceed the CBD targets. The strategy has since been updated (2016).

EN

By 2019, 13.2 % (16 492 882 ha) of land in the conservation estate.

To ensure increase in land mass under some form of conservation, not only formal protection but also other forms of protection which includes areas of mixed-use land such as the buffer areas around biosphere reserves and some biodiversity stewardship sites.  

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
5. Loss of habitats
11. Protected areas
 
12. Preventing extinctions
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 1 Management of biodiversity assets and their contribution to the economy, rural development, job creation and social wellbeing is enhanced; Outcome 1.1: The network of protected areas and conservation areas includes a representative sample of ecosystems and species, and is coherent and effectively managed. The target was adapted from the NPEAS 2016. This target is also aligned to a target in the 2014-2019 Medium Term Strategic Framework.

EN

By 2019, 90% of area of state managed protected areas assessed annually with a METT score above 67%

The indicator focuses on implementation of the Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT) system, designed to monitor and report on the extent to which protected areas are managed effectively so that the environment is protected and conserved. A METT score of 67% (and above) is the minimum required level of effective management.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
11. Protected areas
 
12. Preventing extinctions
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 1 Management of biodiversity assets and their contribution to the economy, rural development, job creation and social wellbeing is enhanced; Outcome 1.1: The network of protected areas and conservation areas includes a representative sample of ecosystems and species, and is coherent and effectively managed. This target cited as being aligned to target(s) in the Medium Term Strategic Framework.

EN

No status declines of threatened and protected species

Species are the building blocks of ecosystems, therefore they play an important role in maintaining well-functioning ecosystems and thus in supporting the provision of ecosystem ser­vices. Many species become over-harvested, or suffer habitat loss, which threatens their persistence and therefore the target for no species status declines.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
6. Sustainable fisheries
12. Preventing extinctions
 
13. Agricultural biodiversity
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 1 Management of biodiversity assets and their contribution to the economy, rural development, job creation and social wellbeing is enhanced; Outcome 1.2: Species of special concern are sustainably managed.

An important activity in achieving this outcome is maintaining an effective Scientific Authority (SANBI) that monitors the legal and illegal trade in species listed as threatened or protected (in terms of section 56 of the Biodiversity Act) and species included on the Appendices to CITES, and makes recommendations to an issuing authority on applica­tions for permits to trade in these species. The Scientific Authority also makes and publishes non-detriment findings (NDFs) on the impact of trade on the survival of species in the wild and advises on the registration of ranching operations, nurseries, and captive breeding facilities. Example of a published NDF

EN

By 2020, 60% of threatened plant species conserved ex situ.

While South Africa works towards achieving its protected area targets, a very large number of plant species (2 576 taxa) remain threatened with extinction.  Keeping them in ex-situ collections will increase their chances of being reintroduced in the wild once habitats are restored and protected.  This strategy has already proved successful in South Africa.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
12. Preventing extinctions
13. Agricultural biodiversity
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 1 Management of biodiversity assets and their contribution to the economy, rural development, job creation and social wellbeing is enhanced; Outcome 1.2: Species of special concern are sustainably managed. This target is aligned to a target in the National Strategy for Plant Conservation (NSPC).

EN

By 2020, 1% of plant species with ex situ collections active in restoration programmes.

This target ensures that the efforts made to save species in ex situ collections are translated into conservation action.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
12. Preventing extinctions
13. Agricultural biodiversity
 
5. Loss of habitats
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 1 Management of biodiversity assets and their contribution to the economy, rural development, job creation and social wellbeing is enhanced; Outcome 1.2: Species of special concern are sustainably managed.

This target is aligned to a target in the National Strategy for Plant Conservation (NSPC).

EN

By 2030, a 10% increase in average annualised GDP growth rate of the SA bioprospecting and wildlife sectors.

Biodiversity is recognised as fundamental to economic growth and sustainable development. Growing sustainable, inclusive and transformed biodiversity economies with communities is a priority for South Africa. Biodiversity economies focus on developing economic opportunities linked to biodiversity assets that support local economic devel­opment that is not harmful to biodiversity. The biodiversity economy has the potential to support a range of business and employment opportunities that promote alternative productive land uses and sustainable utilisation of biodiversity, especially in rural areas, such as through bioprospecting and the wildlife sectors.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
2. Integration of biodiversity values
3. Incentives
 
16. Nagoya Protocol on ABS
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 1 Management of biodiversity assets and their contribution to the economy, rural development, job creation and social wellbeing is enhanced; Outcome 1.3: The biodiversity economy is expanded, strengthened and transformed to be more inclusive of the rural poor. This target is aligned to the DEA’s National Biodiversity Economy Strategy (NBES). The objectives of the NBES are to provide national coordination, leadership and guidance on the commercialisation and trade of biodiversity assets, to promote and support the sustainable commercial use of such biodiversity, to contribute to the transformation of the biodiversity economy sector, and to establish facilities for the promotion and enhancement of the use of such biodiversity. Some of the targets under the NBES were developed during the Biodiversity Economy Lab, under Operation Phakisa.

EN

Number of settled land claims in protected areas / protected area estate expanded through the land claim process

The management and conservation of biodiversity assets has the potential to support land reform and create socio-economic opportunities for communal land holders in support of local economic development.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
14. Essential ecosystem services
15. Ecosystem resilience
16. Nagoya Protocol on ABS
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 1 Management of biodiversity assets and their contribution to the economy, rural development, job creation and social wellbeing is enhanced; Outcome 1.4: Biodiversity conservation supports the land reform agenda and socio-economic opportunities for communal land holders.

This includes strengthening the Land Reform and Biodiversity Stewardship Initiative (LRBSI), a tripartite initiative between the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform (DRDLR), the Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) and the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) that started in 2009. It functions as a community of practice focusing on land reform, communal lands, and biodiversity stewardship to demonstrate successful delivery of socio-economic and conservation benefits at specific sites and develop guidelines, strategies and plans to support scaling up successful practices. This includes a framework for co-management of protected areas between the managing authority and the new land owners, often communities.

Settlement of land claims in protected areas remains a priority, as does the role of the People and Parks Programme in achieving its mission of supporting biodiversity con­servation through the creation and rehabilitation of infrastructure in and around protected areas for community beneficiation, including through facilitating the resolution of protected area land claims.

EN

Number of settled land claims outside protected areas that include biodiversity conservation in the settlement agreement

The land claim process outside of protected areas presents an opportunity to negotiate for sustainable land management and conservation practices in the settlement agreement.  This would help to secure the biodiversity and ecosystem services in these areas that are handed back to communities and reduce the risk of biodiversity loss.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
14. Essential ecosystem services
15. Ecosystem resilience
16. Nagoya Protocol on ABS
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 1 Management of biodiversity assets and their contribution to the economy, rural development, job creation and social wellbeing is enhanced; Outcome 1.4: Biodiversity conservation supports the land reform agenda and socio-economic opportunities for communal land holders.

This includes strengthening the Land Reform and Biodiversity Stewardship Initiative (LRBSI), a tripartite initiative between the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform (DRDLR), the Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) and the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) that started in 2009. It functions as a community of practice focusing on land reform, communal lands, and biodiversity stewardship to demonstrate successful delivery of socio-economic and conservation benefits at specific sites and develop guidelines, strategies and plans to support scaling up successful practices. This includes a framework for co-management of protected areas between the managing authority and the new land owners, often communities.

EN

A number of biodiversity economy projects supported through provincial Biodiversity Stewardship Programmes

Ongoing support of biodiversity economy projects will be vital to their success. The Biodiversity Stewardship Programmes have local staff on the ground that provide practical advice on sustainable land management and conservation farming practices.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
14. Essential ecosystem services
15. Ecosystem resilience
16. Nagoya Protocol on ABS
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 1 Management of biodiversity assets and their contribution to the economy, rural development, job creation and social wellbeing is enhanced; Outcome 1.4: Biodiversity conservation supports the land reform agenda and socio-economic opportunities for communal land holders.

This target is aligned to target(s) of the DEA’s National Biodiversity Economy Strategy.

This includes strengthening the Land Reform and Biodiversity Stewardship Initiative (LRBSI), a tripartite initiative between the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform (DRDLR), the Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) and the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) that started in 2009. It functions as a community of practice focusing on land reform, communal lands, and biodiversity stewardship to demonstrate successful delivery of socio-economic and conservation benefits at specific sites and develop guidelines, strategies and plans to support scaling up successful practices. This includes a framework for co-management of protected areas between the managing authority and the new land owners, often communities.

Biodiversity stewardship is an important mechanism through which socio-economic opportunities for communal land owners, including those on restituted land, can be supported. Biodiversity stewardship programmes play an important role in this regard, demonstrating that conservation can work hand in hand with land reform and support rural livelihoods.

EN

By 2019, 20 integrated interventions in each of five key rural Strategic Water Source Areas.

Investments in the maintenance, restoration and protection of ecological infrastructure enhances the resilience of ecosystems to better withstand pressures from climate change, including buffering human settlements from the impacts of extreme climate events, and to deliver basic services such as clean water. Investing in ecological infrastructure also protects and enhances built infrastructure, supports rural development and creates jobs.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
14. Essential ecosystem services
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 2: Investments in ecological infrastructure enhance resilience and ensure benefits to society; Outcome 2.1: Restore, maintain and secure important ecological infrastructure in a way that contributes to rural development, long-term job creation and livelihoods.

EN

By 2019, a total of 1 370 600 ha of land restored, with 3 230 271 ha of follow up treatment.

To ensure that the degraded land is restored to its original state and that farmers and communities have access to more land that is productive to sustain their livelihoods. The main focus is on clearing of invasive alien species, which have been significant drivers of terrestrial and aquatic biodiversity loss in South Africa, but it also extends to invasive indigenous species (“bush encroachment”), and restoration of overgrazed and eroded land.  

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
9. Invasive Alien Species
11. Protected areas
14. Essential ecosystem services
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 2: Investments in ecological infrastructure enhance resilience and ensure benefits to society; Outcome 2.1: Restore, maintain and secure important ecological infrastructure in a way that contributes to rural development, long-term job creation and livelihoods.

This target was aligned with target(s) of the Medium Term Strategic Framework.

The indicator measures the size of degraded land (due to desertification, overgrazing, soil erosion, poor storm water management and other unsustainable land use practices) that is under rehabilitation/restoration. The indicator measures the size of land (in hectares) on which alien plant have been treated or cleared (follow-up treatment). The aim is to ensure ecosystem and species protection through effective control of invasive alien species.

EN

By 2019, 695 wetlands have been rehabilitated.

To ensure that wetlands are rehabilitated and protected. Wetlands are valuable ecosystems which must be protected. However, considerable degradation and loss has already occurred.  Major threats to wetlands can result from natural processes and from human activities (pollution, development etc.). Loss of wetlands leads to a negative impact on biodiversity, as the plants and animals that are adapted to wetland habitats are often unable to adapt to new environmental conditions.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
9. Invasive Alien Species
11. Protected areas
14. Essential ecosystem services
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 2: Investments in ecological infrastructure enhance resilience and ensure benefits to society; Outcome 2.1: Restore, maintain and secure important ecological infrastructure in a way that contributes to rural development, long-term job creation and livelihoods.

This target was aligned with a target of the Medium Term Strategic Framework and refers specifically to the outputs of the government’s Working for Wetlands programme.

EN

By 2019, 300 emerging invasive species have been detected at an early stage.

To detect new invasive species in time to allow efficient and environmentally sound decisions to be made in order to prevent their spread and permanent establishment.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
9. Invasive Alien Species
 
5. Loss of habitats
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 2: Investments in ecological infrastructure enhance resilience and ensure benefits to society; Outcome 2.1: Restore, maintain and secure important ecological infrastructure in a way that contributes to rural development, long-term job creation and livelihoods.

This target was aligned with target(s) of the Medium Term Strategic Framework.

EN

By 2019, 398 886 ha of firebreaks and prescribed burning prepared to prevent ecologically damaging fires.

To prevent ecologically damaging fires.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
5. Loss of habitats
 
14. Essential ecosystem services
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 2: Investments in ecological infrastructure enhance resilience and ensure benefits to society; Outcome 2.1: Restore, maintain and secure important ecological infrastructure in a way that contributes to rural development, long-term job creation and livelihoods.

This target was aligned with a target of the Medium Term Strategic Framework and is specific to the government’s Working on Fire programme

EN

By 2020, successful implementation of ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) results in resilience to climate change in communities linked to pilot projects.

As with the notion of ecological infrastructure, EbA recognizes that biodiversity and healthy, well-functioning ecosystems provide natural solutions that build resilience and help society adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change. EbA is intended to simultaneously deliver direct and tangible benefits to targeted communities, be beneficial for the environment, and help to safeguard development in the face of climate change. This kind of investment can target efforts to lessen flooding, improve water and soil quality, shore up food security, and contribute to human health, safer and more secure livelihoods (especially for the poor and vulnerable), job creation and poverty alleviation.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
15. Ecosystem resilience
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 2: Investments in ecological infrastructure enhance resilience and ensure benefits to society; Outcome 2.2: Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) is shown to achieve multiple benefits in the context of sustainable development.

EN

By 2020, 10 new tools to support mainstreaming of biodiversity assets and ecological infrastructure in production sectors and resource management produced and 15 knowledge resources demonstrating the value of biodiversity developed and disseminated.

Biodiversity mainstreaming is the process of embedding biodiversity considerations into policies, strategies and practices of key public and private actors that impact or rely on biodiversity, so that it is conserved and sustainably used both locally and globally. Mainstreaming seeks to address biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation outside of protected areas, while strengthening the protection of such areas within land- and seascapes through the promotion of biodiversity-compatible land/sea uses and optimal land/sea use decisions.

EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
2. Integration of biodiversity values
3. Incentives
4. Use of natural resources
Relevant documents and information

Falls under NBSAP Strategic Objective 3: Biodiversity considerations are mainstreamed into policies, strategies and practices of a range of sectors; Outcome 3.1: Effective science-based biodiversity tools inform planning and decision-making.

EN

By 2019, implemented Land Degradation National Action Plan and Biodiversity Climate Change Adaptation Plans for South Africa’s nine biomes.

To combat the effects of desertification, land degradation and the effects of drought and climate change, these key overarching strategies need to be implemented.


EN
Level of application
National / Federal
Relevance of National Targets to Aichi Targets
10. Vulnerable ecosystems
15. Ecosystem resilience