published: 10 Mar 2017
National Biodiversity Strategy of the Czech Republic 2016-2025
- Czech Republic
- National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)
The Strategy was prepared by a team of authors consisting of staff from the ME, the MA, the NCA CR, and other outside experts and consultants, under the supervision of the ME. The Strategy was also discussed and amended by the members of the Committee on Landscape, Water and Biodiversity to the Government Council for Sustainable Development. The National Biodiversity Strategy of the Czech Republic (hereinafter the “Strategy”) represents a fundamental conceptual document defining the priorities in the field of conservation, and the sustainable use of biodiversity within the territory of the Czech Republic. It follows up the comprehensive evaluation of the previous document from 2005, on the basis of which, priority areas and objectives were identified. It also takes into account the current international commitments, in particular, the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 and the Strategic Plan of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to 2020. At the same time, the Strategy follows up on the measures defined by the State Environmental Policy, and it is also linked to other conceptual documents which span across all sectors. The main role of the updated Strategy is to create a basic conceptual framework based on the existing legislation and the existing instruments, which will contribute to the improvement of the overall situation and sustainable use of biodiversity within the territory of the Czech Republic. Favourable conservation status of biodiversity is a prerequisite for the ecosystem’s ability to provide essential goods and services to human society. Therefore, it is necessary to understand that the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity is one of the key pillars of sustainable development in the Czech Republic. In this respect, the Strategy represents a conceptual document, so that the objectives defined in the area of the protection and conservation of nature and natural resources in the updated Strategic Framework for Sustainable Development in the Czech Republic to 2030, are met. The Strategy reflects the current international objectives, which are closely linked with the objectives of sustainable development, which contributes significantly towards the interoperability of the Strategy Objectives with other conceptual documents at the national level; through the Strategic Framework for Sustainable Development in the Czech Republic. The main objective of the Strategy is to prevent the continued overall biodiversity loss within the territory of the Czech Republic and at the same time to implement the measures and activities that will lead to the improvement of the status of biodiversity and its sustainable use. In accordance with the main objective of the Strategy, there is a significant effort to increase awareness of the importance of biodiversity and its adequate conservation, and to ensure sustainable future development of the Czech Republic. The overall decline in biodiversity has long been pursued at a European level, confirmed by the mid-term review of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020. All EU Member States, on the basis of those unsatisfactory findings, agreed that it is necessary to make a significantly greater effort by developing a more effective use of existing instruments for the conservation of biodiversity within all key sectors which significantly affect the status of biological diversity. Particularly in Western European countries, the conservation of biological diversity is taken into account to a much larger extent across all sectors and at all levels of decision-making, which in turn contributes to greater knowledge about the long-term economic impact of biodiversity loss. The European Commission has at its disposal a comprehensive analysis of the available economic risks associated with the European biodiversity loss, and it is estimated that the failure to fulfil the main objective of the abovementioned EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 causes an annual loss of € 50 billion to the EU economy. A similar analysis has not yet been made in the Czech Republic; but it is obvious that the findings presented abroad are relevant for the territory of the Czech Republic. Here however, public and political interest in the conservation of biodiversity is lacking; there is little awareness of the risks and economic consequences of biodiversity loss. The presented Strategy should in this respect provide relevant and sufficient information for adequate integration of the issue of the conservation of biological diversity across all the sectors concerned. To achieve the abovementioned objective, it will be necessary to ensure that the conservation of biodiversity is recognised as a prerequisite for the sustainable development of the Czech Republic; and in this respect it must be regarded as a matter of public interest.
- National / Federal
https://www.cbd.int/countries/default.shtml?country=cz http://www.mzp.cz/web/edice.nsf/e26dd68a7c931e61c1256fbe0033a4ee/4a46ca81084e521fc1258050002dae0c?OpenDocument (czech only)