Financial Reporting Framework: Reporting on baseline and progress towards 2015

  published: 16 Oct 2018
Identification of respondent
Focal point for resource mobilization
Contact details of the respondent
Olivier Button
Policy Analyst
Environment & Climate Change Canada
  • 1 819.938.3042
1. International financial resource flows

1.1 Please indicate the amount of resources provided by your country in support of biodiversity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries and small island developing States, as well as countries with economies in transition.

Please indicate, as appropriate, the nominal amount of financial resources provided by source as well as the total amount. Please also indicate your degree of confidence in the estimated amount or, alternatively, provide a range of estimates.

Canada Dollar (CAD)
in millions
Year ODA OOF Other flows Total
2006 53 53
2007 67 67
2008 74 74
2009 85 85
2010 137 137
Average (baseline) 83 0 0 83
  • Bilateral
  • Multilateral
  • Directly related
OECD Creditor Reporting System
Data was extracted from the OECD Creditor Reporting System (CRS), official Government of Canada reports and includes the biodiversity-related proportion of Canada’s multilateral contributions other Global Environment Facility.
Year ODA OOF Other flows Total
2011 87 87
2012 80 80
2013 97 97
2014 128 128
2015 97 97
Methodological information:
  • Some measures taken
The Canadian private sector, non-government organizations (NGOs), foundations and academia play an important role in providing international support for the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. A few highlights are provided here. • Private Sector: The Canadian Business and Biodiversity Council (CBBC) supports Canadian businesses in conserving biodiversity and maintaining ecosystem services in Canada and globally. CBBC encourages good environmental stewardship practices domestically and internationally by sharing best practices on biodiversity conservation in the business sector. In 2014-15 CBBC chaired the Global Partnership for Business and Biodiversity and assists other countries in supporting biodiversity goals. It hosted the Partnership’s annual conference in 2013 in cooperation with the CBD Secretariat. • Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) and Foundations: The North American Waterfowl Management Plan (NAWMP) is an international partnership that conserves and protects wetland and upland habitats, and associated waterfowl populations to connect people to nature. The Government of Canada in collaboration with NGOs, such as Ducks Unlimited Canada, the Nature Conservancy of Canada, and others have helped, between January 1986 and December 2015, to retain over 7.0 million hectares, restore over 1.7 million hectares and manage over 3.4 million hectares of wetlands and upland habitat for North American waterfowl in partnership with the United States and Mexico. • Academia: McGill University has developed the “Theo Mills Memorial Fund” which helps support graduate students' field-work research on conservation and sustainable development in developing regions. Funding supports research that can help identify important conservation strategies (e.g., forest conservation, sustainable agriculture) that can help inform effective sustainable development. The Biodiversity Institute of Ontario (BIO) at the University of Guelph works collaboratively with the Centre for Biodiversity Genomics and is the global hub for the International Barcode of Life (iBOL) initiative. iBOL is involved in developing a DNA-based identification system and aims to gather DNA barcode records from five million specimens, representing at least 500,000 species. Once implemented, this DNA-based identification system will exert broad impacts on all areas in which society interacts with biodiversity - pest and disease control, food production and safety, resource management, conservation, research, education, and recreation. The Quebec Centre for Biodiversity Science (QCBS) is a collective of over 120 biodiversity researchers working nationally and internationally. The mission of QCBS is to foster and promote a world-class research and training program in biodiversity science, to facilitate scientific cooperation and learning among a cross-disciplinary group of researchers, and to assume a lead role on biodiversity related issues and to contribute to the academic and public debate on biodiversity loss. In addition, QCBS provides funding for research and participation in conferences and workshops. QCBS was one of two partners to the CBD Secretariat (along with UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre) in designing and developing the CBD’s Bio-Bridge initiative. The Bio-Bridge initiative links CBD Parties that have specific technical and scientific needs with Parties or institutions that are able to provide the necessary technical support and resources to meet those needs through mutual partnerships and creates a space for countries and institutions to share knowledge, good practices and lessons learned with each other.
2. Inclusion of biodiversity in priorities and plans
Comprehensive inclusion
The Canadian Biodiversity Strategy, which was endorsed by federal, provincial, and territorial governments in 1996 as the major component of our original NBSAP, provides a comprehensive blueprint for the conservation and sustainable use of Canada’s living resources. Canada’s Biodiversity Outcomes Framework, developed jointly by all jurisdictions and adopted in 2006, complements the Strategy. It describes the long-term outcomes that would result from effective implementation of biodiversity plans and strategies and has been helpful in tracking progress. In 2015, Canada announced the 2020 Biodiversity Goals and Targets for Canada. The goals and targets were developed collaboratively by the federal, provincial, and territorial governments, with input from Indigenous organizations and stakeholders. The goals and targets identify specific, near-term outcomes that are designed to support the long-term outcomes in the Biodiversity Outcomes Framework. The goals and targets support the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. Canada’s national targets were inspired by the global Aichi targets, and adapted to Canada’s domestic context. Each of Canada’s proposed national targets links to at least one Aichi target. Canada has integrated a number of its national biodiversity targets into the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy, which lays out goals, targets, implementation strategies and indicators that combine sustainable development commitments from 27 government departments and agencies. In October 2013, the Government of Canada released Planning for a Sustainable Future: A Federal Sustainable Development Strategy for Canada 2013-2016 (FSDS). Several of Canada’s national biodiversity targets were reflected in the 2013-16 Strategy (e.g., species at risk, protected and other conserved areas, customary use of biological resources by Indigenous peoples, invasive alien species, sustainable forest management, aquaculture, and agriculture). In 2015 the Government of Canada initiated development of the 2016-19 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy, which similarly included several of Canada’s national biodiversity targets. Canada's 5th National Report to the CBD provides further examples of how Canada is integrating biodiversity in national priorities and development plans including efforts to support species protection and recovery, address climate change and biodiversity , integrate biodiversity into agricultural and fisheries management, reduce pollution in aquatic ecosystems and manage invasive alien species. In 2014 the Government of Canada launched a National Conservation Plan, which included a $252 million investment over five years to advance conservation initiatives across the country through three priority areas: conserving Canada’s lands and waters, restoring Canada’s ecosystems, and connecting Canadians to nature. This included $50 million over five years for a new National Wetland Conservation Fund, to restore degraded wetlands. Beginning in 2013, the Government of Canada committed $54 million over five years to the Sustainable Aquaculture Program, continuing a commitment for a science-based aquaculture regime through aquaculture science research and regulatory reforms.
3. Assessment and/or evaluation of values
  • Some assessments undertaken
Canada has undertaken some assessment and evaluation of the intrinsic, ecological, genetic, socioeconomic, scientific, educational, cultural, recreational and aesthetic values of biological diversity and its components. A description of some of the evaluations and results (where available) can be found in Canada’s 5th National Report to the Convention on Biological Diversity specifically as they pertain to: the Status of Ecosystem Service Assessment in Canada ; Impacts to Ecosystem Services from Changes in Biodiversity ; Socio-Economic Implications of Changes in Ecosystem Services ; Cultural Implications of Changes in Ecosystem Services ; Knowledge and Information to Support Conservation Planning and Decision-Making ; Measures of Natural Capital Related to Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services ; and Public Awareness, Engagement and Participation in Biodiversity Conservation. Since at least 2005, Canadian Environmental Non-Government Organizations (ENGOs) and research institutes have been developing and publishing assessments of the biophysical, social, and economic values of ecosystem services, natural capital, and ecosystem assets for specific regions and localities across the country. A number of these reports have focused on the assessment of services provided by ecosystems adjacent to major cities undergoing urban expansion. For example, a study of the ecosystems neighboring Vancouver, a city with a population of 2.5 million, estimated the non-market value of ecosystems to provide services such as climate regulation ($1.7 billion), water supply ($1.6 billion), flood regulation ($1.2 billion), clean air ($409 million), waste treatment ($48 million), pollination ($248 million), salmon habitat ($1.3 million), recreation and tourism ($119 million), and local food production ($24 million) (Wilson, 2010). When estimates were summed over the study area (13 600 km2) the authors calculated the total non-market value of selected ecosystem services as $5.4 billion per year (all values in CDN 2005 dollars). The analysis used primarily cost-based methods and the authors note that these estimates are preliminarily and likely conservative (Wilson, 2010). Another report assessed services provided by ecosystems of the Greater Golden Horseshoe region of southern Ontario, an area of rapid urban expansion and home to about 25% of Canada’s population (Wilson, 2013). The study focused on selected ecosystem services benefits from natural capital in 940 km2 of rural and agricultural lands designated for development. Estimates were provided for annual non-market values for a selection of ecosystem services generated by wetlands ($39.1 million), forests ($28.6 million), croplands ($28 million), and idle land ($20.5 million), among others. The summed estimate for the study area was $122.3 million per year (all values in CDN 2013 dollars). Other studies from environmental non-government organizations have addressed: the economic value of ecosystems in British Columbia’s Peace River Watershed (2014) ; the cultural and ecological value of boreal woodland caribou habitat (2013) ; ecosystem services of peatlands in the eastern and interlake regions of Manitoba (2013) ; the contributions of aquatic ecosystems to quality of life in Montreal’s ‘Blue Belt’ (2015) ; measuring the return on Howe Sound, British Columbia’s ecosystem assets (2015) ; the economic and societal well-being value of land conservation in Canada (2014). Significant work has been undertaken in Canada’s academic sector pertaining to the diverse values of biodiversity and ecosystem services, for example through research teams at University of British Columbia and McGill University, among others. Provincial governments and their agencies have likewise invested in assessments and valuation studies of natural capital and ecosystem services to support their conservation commitments, for example, Ontario’s studies of the socioeconomic value of the recreational fishery for Lake Simcoe (2013) and the offsite benefits from protected areas’ ecosystem services (2013). Federal government departments have also been active in both developing and testing assessment approaches, for example, the interdepartmental “Measuring Ecosystem Goods and Services” initiative (2013) and Statistics Canada’s subsequent work to develop data and mapping for national ecosystem accounts as published in their Human Activity and the Environment series (2014, 2015). Assessments are also a component of regulatory analysis in support of, for example, listings under the federal Species at Risk Act. During the 2013-2015 period the diverse values of biodiversity and ecosystem services were also addressed through national initiatives such as the Canadian Nature Survey which measured awareness, participation and expenditures in nature-based recreation, conservation and subsistence activities, providing evidence about the significant contribution that nature makes to the national economy and individual Canadians’ quality of life.
4.Reporting current domestic biodiversity expenditures
Canada Dollar (CAD)
in millions
Year Domestic expenditures Overall confidence
2006 8,402 Medium
2007 9,143 Medium
2008 9,325 Medium
2009 9,245 Medium
2010 9,343 Low
2011 6,696 Low
2012 6,196 Medium
2013 6,090 Low
2014 6,551 Medium
2015 6,884 Medium
Average 7,788 Medium
Numbers above cover Expenditures directly related to biodiversity Expenditures indirectly related to biodiversity
Government budgets – central
Government budgets – state/provincial
Government budgets – local/municipal
Other (NGO, foundations, academia)
Collective action of indigenous and local communities
Data was retrieved directly from published sources of federal, provincial and territorial governments, official data from Statistics Canada and published reports from private organizations.
Some assessments undertaken
Millions of $CAD
Year Contribution Overall confidence
2006 53 Medium
2007 262 High
2008 186 High
2009 136 High
2010 135 High
2011 140 High
2012 124 High
2013 127 High
2014 193 High
2015 123 High
Average 148 High
Methodological information:
  • Conceptual and Methodological Framework for Evaluating the Contribution of Collective Action to Biodiversity Conservation
  • Other
Canada conducted a partial assessment of the role of collective action using the total amount of funding leveraged by 2 or more partners (e.g., Aboriginal groups, NGOs, academic institutions) to achieve common biodiversity goals. Nineteen examples of collective action programs or initiatives were assessed. Most represent federal government programs that aim to achieve a minimum of 1:1 leveraging on funds invested so that, for every $1 provided by the program, at least $1 is raised by project recipients. This leveraging can take the form of either financial or in-kind resources (volunteered labor, products or services). Other indicators that reflect the role of collective action are presented below. Habitat Stewardship Program https://www.ec.gc.ca/hsp-pih/; The Habitat Stewardship Program (HSP) is part of Canada’s national strategy for the protection of species at risk. Since 2000, the program has invested over $150 million to support 2,387 local conservation projects, benefitting the habitat of more than 400 species at risk. These projects have in turn leveraged an additional $321.4 million for a total investment of over $450 million in stewardship projects to support the recovery of species at risk. The program has established over 300 partnerships with Aboriginal organizations, landowners, resource users, nature trusts, provinces, the natural resource sector, community-based wildlife societies, educational institutions and conservation organizations. Every year, on average, an additional 188,000 ha are protected through direct actions taken by landowners, land managers, or conservation agencies. The program reaches more than a million people every year through outreach and education activities. https://www.ec.gc.ca/hsp-pih/ . Between 2013-2014 and 2015-2016, the HSP invested $36.7 million to support 900 local species for the protection of species at risk and their habitat; http://www.ec.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=En&n=FEF1141D-1&news=8334AC21-47F1-4734-9182-A5EE2016A388 Aboriginal Fund for Species at Risk https://www.retablissement-recovery.gc.ca/afsar-faep/index.cfm?fuseaction=home.main&lang=E Since its inception in 2004-05, the AFSAR has supported Aboriginal involvement in the conservation and recovery of species at risk across the country. Since that time, the AFSAR invested almost $22 million in 669 projects. The projects involved more than 200 communities and benefited more than 280 Species at Risk Act (SARA) listed or Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) assessed species through increased Aboriginal awareness of species at risk and through the development of strategies, guidelines and practices, or the completion of monitoring, surveying and inventorying studies. Starting in 2014-15, the AFSAR will support Aboriginal involvement in the conservation of priority species beyond species at risk. Environmental Damages Fund http://www.ec.gc.ca/edf-fde/ Since 1995, the EDF has received over $4.5 million from 154 awards and has funded 149 projects across Canada with partners that include Non-governmental organizations, Universities and academic institutions, Aboriginal groups and Provincial, territorial and municipal governments. Community Interaction Program - St. Lawrence Action Plan http://planstlaurent.qc.ca/en/funding_program/community_interaction_program.html Restoration of natural areas in the Matane region: Since 2002, the environmental group Uni-Vert has been restoring several natural sites located at the cliffs along the shore of the St. Lawrence River in the Matane region. This group's interventions have helped preserve local biodiversity by restoring existing habitats, by preventing eroded material from filling habitats located at the foot of the cliffs, and by stabilizing the coastal environment. To control the erosion process in the cliffs and to prevent them from collapsing, Uni-Vert is continuing its efforts to restore habitats in Petit-Matane by installing brush mats and wattle fences. The photos below show the growth of the new vegetation that was planted for this purpose in spring 2014. http://planstlaurent.qc.ca/en/community_interaction/success_stories.html#c2595 EcoAction Community Funding Program http://www.ec.gc.ca/ecoaction/ The EcoAction Community Funding Initiative delivered 206 projects through contribution agreements in 2009–2010. Of these, 125 were new projects representing a departmental investment of $4.2 million. These projects leveraged $10.3 million in cash and in kind support, which translates to $2.45 leveraged for every dollar of federal funding, with an average of 5.6 partner sectors involved in each project. The program funded 54% of project applications received. In support of the International Year of Biodiversity 2010, 54 biodiversity related projects were funded, for a total of $1.65 million in federal funding. These projects will reduce biodiversity loss, protect wildlife and improve species habitat, and increase urban re naturalization. Climate change projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions represented 35% of new projects funded, for a total of $1.7 million in federal funding. The remaining projects focused on clean water (23%) and clean air (4%) initiatives. Over 420 000 individuals were engaged in EcoAction projects across Canada, including 2574 volunteers. An additional 108 jobs were created. Nature: 1470 hectares of habitat were permanently protected; 277 hectares of habitat were created, restored or rehabilitated; over 61 000 native plants, trees and shrubs were planted; and 211 wildlife structures were installed. http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/dpr-rmr/2009-2010/inst/doe/st-ts04-eng.asp#tpp5 Great Lakes Sustainability Fund https://ec.gc.ca/raps-pas/default.asp?lang=En&n=F328E319-1 2012-2013 Funding: $1,716,045 total, including $46,000 provided by the Great Lakes Sustainability Fund. Former farmland near the St. Clair River is being converted back to wetlands and forest to support fish and wildlife in a rare Canadian ecosystem, with the support of the Great Lakes Sustainability Fund. The St. Clair River Area of Concern covers about 335 000 hectares on both sides of the Canada-U.S. border, including the river, its delta channels and its immediate drainage basin. The wetlands and shallow open waters of the lower St. Clair River and Lake St. Clair provide important habitat for many fish and wildlife species and are considered some of the most important wetland areas in the Great Lakes basin. For many years, the river has been subject to industrial activity and agricultural development in its drainage basin, which have led to a loss of fish and wildlife habitats and populations. The Bowens Creek Habitat Enhancement Project is located on public lands owned by the County of Lambton in St. Clair Township, within a kilometre of the St. Clair River. Historically, the area was a wetland but was drained many years ago and used for agricultural purposes. The property is a rare ecosystem type in Canada. The area's wet prairie and mature deciduous forest provide habitat for more than 15 locally rare Carolinian flora and fauna, including the Riddell's Goldenrod, the Shumard Oak, the Hooded Warbler, the Climbing Prairie Rose and several reptile species. The project started in 2011, with about 20 hectares of agricultural land pulled out of production to help establish about 8 hectares of restored wetlands. Within months, hundreds of waterfowl were using the site. Over the next 3 years, project partners plan to create about 50 hectares of wetlands and forest habitat for wildlife, using native trees, shrubs and tall prairie grasses. https://www.ec.gc.ca/raps-pas/default.asp?lang=En&n=7AE37541-1 Lake Simcoe/South-eastern Georgian Bay Clean-Up Fund https://www.ec.gc.ca/eau-water/default.asp?lang=En&n=85C54DAE-1 The 2007-2012 Lake Simcoe Clean-Up Fund: Canadians who work, live, or enjoy recreation around Lake Simcoe have already benefited from the Government of Canada’s efforts to clean-up the lake through the successful Lake Simcoe Clean-Up Fund, which included $30 million over a five year period from 2007 to 2012. The Fund leveraged an estimated $28.5 million from non-federal sources, supported 160 community-based projects to enhance fish and wildlife, and reduced phosphorous discharges to Lake Simcoe by an average of three tonnes per year. Specific results included: Installing 20,000 meters of fencing to restrict approximately 1300 livestock from water courses; Planting more than 72,000 native trees/shrubs/grasses to stabilize shorelines and reduce phosphorous runoff; Upgrading 110 septic systems; Developing an optimization manual for a sewage treatment plant; Implementing storm water pond retrofits in several municipalities. Natural Areas Conservation Program http://www.ec.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=En&n=FEF1141D-1&news=8334AC21-47F1-4734-9182-A5EE2016A388 As of March 2011, the Natural Areas Conservation Program has protected 160,796 hectares of habitat, which includes habitat for 101 species at risk. The Government of Canada’s investment has been matched by Canadians, the private sector and other governments, resulting in more than $600 million in conservation activity through funding contributions and land donations. Under this program, the Government of Canada has set an ambitious goal of conserving 545,000 acres (218,000 hectares) of ecologically significant land across southern Canada. With these investments, nearly 399,000 hectares (986,000 acres) have been conserved as August 2015, providing habitat for 195 species at risk — an area almost twice the size of the goal set under the Natural Areas Conservation Program. http://www.natureconservancy.ca/en/what-we-do/conservation-program/ Recreational Fisheries Conservation Partnerships Program http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/pnw-ppe/rfcpp-ppcpr/index-eng.html In 2013-2014, 94 projects were funded that included 380 partners, 1768 volunteers and 2,472m2 and 2,087 km habitat restored. Examples of some project results are provided below. Project 1: Moody’s Slough is a side channel of the Cheakamus River that has combined ground water and river flows and provides important habitat for numerous salmonids, including Coho salmon. It is a complex slough system with several “blind” off-shoot channels. With funding from the Recreational Fisheries Conservation Partnerships Program, the Squamish River Watershed Society re-connected several channels through channel excavation, culvert installation, weir construction and diversions so that flows were re-established. These channels now provide important over-wintering, spawning, and rearing habitat for Coho salmon and other salmonids. It is expected that 10,000 to 20,000 Coho fry will benefit year round from these changes. The high-quality refuge habitat will be especially important in summer. Project 2: With funding from the Recreational Fisheries Conservation Partnerships Program, a fish bypass channel was constructed by Valleys 2000 Incorporated on the Bowmanville Creek to help preserve and restore the recreational fishery in Southern and Central Lake Ontario. Approximately 31 fish species are known to live, spawn and migrate along the Bowmanville and Soper Creek watersheds, including Atlantic and Chinook Salmon, which have been reintroduced into the area in the past decade. Before the bypass channel was built, an old industrial dam had been a major barrier to these species attempting to swim to spawning grounds – now they are able to traverse around the dam. Salmonid Enhancement Program – Pacific Salmon Foundation Community Salmon Program http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/rpp/2014-15/SO1/so-rs-1.4-eng.html; https://www.psf.ca/what-we-do/community-salmon-program Since 1989 the Pacific Salmon Foundation Community Salmon Program through efforts from a range of partners has resulted in, for example: • $41.3 million in project awards and grants to a total of 2,262 projects • More than 35,000 community volunteers engaged in 72 communities across B.C. • Rehabilitation of more than 1.1 million square metres of streams and estuaries • Planting of more than 78,665 trees and shrubs in riparian areas • Production of more than 11.3 million juvenile salmon through conservation hatcheries • The total value of the projects has been $147 million. BioBlitz in Rouge Park http://www.ontariobioblitz.ca/2012-rouge-park.html; http://www.ontariobioblitz.ca/2013-rouge-park.html In 2012, there were over 225 participants and over 1450 species discovered which is considered the highest number in the world for a BioBlitz in the year 2012. Rare finds included a spider never-before recorded in Toronto (Sphodros niger), Calico Crayfish (Oroconectes immunis), and many plants including Poke Milkweed (Asclepias exaltata). In 2013, there were over 430 participants and 1,791 species identified. The event broke the record for the number of species counted during a BioBlitz (a title which was overthrown by National Geographic in 2014). Genera identified included least 80 spiders, 7 of which have never before been documented in the park; Many plant, insect and fungi species had never been documented in the park before, including a rare plant found at the mouth of the Rouge River; a Smoky Shrew (Sorex fumeus), never before seen in the Park, was found dead along a road; 60 painted turtles were observed, the most abundant reptile during the survey. Moreover, in response to CBD notification 2017-006 (requesting submissions on Assessing the Contribution of Collective Actions of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities) Canada confirmed that, as part of its national effort to advance progress on Canada’s national biodiversity goals and targets for 2020, and in particular Target 1 (conserve at least 17% of terrestrial area and inland waters and 10% of coastal and marine area by 2020), the Government launched in 2016 the “Pathway to Canada Target 1”, a multi-stakeholder and collaborative platform that brings together all levels of government, indigenous peoples, communities and other stakeholders to work together to achieve the national protected areas target. Indigenous peoples are active participants and contribute their traditional knowledge and wisdom. One of the key topics of work is the development of recommendations for establishing and recognizing indigenous and community conserved areas (ICCAs) by an Indigenous Circle of Experts (ICE). Recognition of indigenous rights, respect, cooperation and partnership with indigenous peoples across Canada are identified as key conditions for advancing the collective action represented by the Pathway.
5. Reporting funding needs, gaps, and priorities

Please indicate your annual estimated funding need (for instance, based on your revised NBSAP) and calculate the estimated funding gap by subtracting estimated available resources. Indicate actions for priority funding.

Please start with the year which is most appropriate for your own planning purposes.

Canada Dollar (CAD)
in millions
Since 2016, Canada has developed a number of significant initiatives to continue to support our domestic and international biodiversity goals and address priority gaps that will be reported in the next resource mobilization report.
6. National finance plans
Please provide a brief synthesis of your finance plan, by indicating, in the table below, your planned resource mobilization, by source, and their respective planned contributions towards your identified finance gap.
Canada Dollar (CAD)
in millions
Canada has not developed a formal biodiversity financial plan. However, the biodiversity initiatives mentioned in the previous section are included within national budget planning, and Canada will continue to dedicate funds as in previous years to support domestic and international biodiversity goals.
  • Some measures taken
Canada continues to foster partnerships with the private sector, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), foundations or charities, and academia to meet national biodiversity goals and targets. The Canadian government has established a number of community action programs for the environment that help achieve Canada’s domestic biodiversity goals and targets. The programs contribute funding to a range of community partners (e.g., NGOs, foundations, Universities, educational institutions, private corporations and Aboriginal communities) on environment projects. Examples of programs include the Aboriginal Fund for Species at Risk, the Great Lakes Sustainability Fund , and the Habitat Stewardship Program. In 2007, the Government of Canada launched the Natural Areas Conservation Program with a vision of investing in direct, on-the-ground action to conserve important natural habitat in communities across southern Canada. The Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC) administers this program with the participation of Ducks Unlimited Canada and land trusts across the country. The Natural Areas Conservation Program was launched with an initial investment of $CDN 225 million over five years. In March 2013, the Government of Canada announced its continued commitment to this program, with an additional $CDN 20 million in funding and in 2014, another $CDN $100 million over five years was committed as part of the National Conservation Plan. A number of similar programs are administered by Canada’s provincial and territorial governments. Canada’s 5th National Report highlights two such examples from the Government of Ontario: • Ontario’s Species at Risk Stewardship Fund supported Ontario’s efforts under the Ontario Endangered Species Act to protect and recover listed species and their habitats in 2013/14. The fund was available to individuals and groups, including landowners and farmers, Aboriginal Indigenous communities, academic institutions, industries, municipalities and conservation organizations. $5 million in funding was provided for 75 new projects and 32 multi-year projects. Since its inception, the project helped restore more than 240 km2 (24,000 ha) of important habitat and more than 200 different species at risk, while also supporting 2,100 jobs and an estimated 256,600 hours of volunteer work in Ontario communities. • Species at Risk Farm Incentive Program (SARFIP) is funded by the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and the Government of Canada, and administered by the Ontario Soil and Crop Improvement Association; SARFIP provides cost-share funding for best management practices that promote the protection of species at risk and habitats on privately owned Ontario farms. Eligible activities include controlling the spread of invasive plants, protecting or restoring habitats for at-risk species, managing erosion damage along riverbanks, and improving pest management. A growing number of Canadian businesses are integrating biodiversity considerations into their operations and business plans, examples of which are provided in Canada’s National Reports to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Formal education is important for teaching Canada's youth about biodiversity. Provincial and Territorial educational systems are the key vehicle for integrating biodiversity issues into the formal curriculum, and efforts are already underway in various institutions across the country. Examples of how provinces and territories are integrating biodiversity into curricula are provided in Canada’s 5th National Reports to the Convention on Biological Diversity.
8. Availability of financial resources for achieving targets
Additional Information